Why Should Abortions Be Made Legal: Advancing Women's Rights

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The topic of why should abortions be made legal has sparked heated debates around the world. In this essay, we will delve into the compelling reasons why abortion should be legal, highlighting the importance of women's rights, public health, and the avoidance of unsafe practices. By examining these factors, we can gain a deeper understanding of the arguments in favor of making abortions legal and the potential benefits it can bring to individuals and societies.

Promoting Women's Rights

Supporters of legalizing abortions place a strong emphasis on women's rights and bodily autonomy. The right to make decisions about one's own body is a cornerstone of individual freedom and gender equality. Denying access to safe and legal abortion services restricts women's agency and subjects them to unwanted pregnancies against their will.

By legalizing abortions, societies acknowledge the importance of upholding women's rights to determine their reproductive choices. This recognition empowers women to make decisions aligned with their unique circumstances, beliefs, and aspirations, ensuring that their autonomy remains intact.

Ensuring Public Health and Safety

One of the compelling reasons to make abortions legal is to prioritize public health and safety. In places where abortions are illegal, many women resort to unsafe procedures that jeopardize their well-being and lives. Legalizing and regulating abortions ensures that individuals have access to safe medical procedures performed by trained healthcare professionals, minimizing the risks associated with dangerous alternatives.

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Unsafe abortions have significant public health implications, resulting in health complications, maternal mortality, and undue burdens on healthcare systems. Legalization provides an opportunity to reduce these risks and uphold the well-being of women by offering safe and regulated alternatives.

Preventing Unsafe Practices

The legalization of abortions aims to curb the prevalence of unsafe practices. When abortions are illegal, individuals seeking to terminate pregnancies may turn to unregulated and hazardous methods, leading to severe health consequences and even fatalities.

Making abortions legal offers a pathway to promote comprehensive sex education and raise awareness about reproductive health. This knowledge empowers individuals to make informed decisions that prioritize their safety and well-being. By eliminating the need for unsafe practices, legalization serves as a safeguard for women's health and lives.

Addressing Diverse Circumstances

Recognizing that circumstances vary greatly, the decision to legalize abortions acknowledges the diversity of beliefs, cultural backgrounds, and individual situations. While some may hold strong moral objections to abortion, others may face situations where continuing a pregnancy poses significant risks to their health, well-being, or socioeconomic circumstances.

Legalizing abortions respects the principle of personal freedom and acknowledges that a uniform approach may not be applicable to the complexities of individual lives. It provides individuals with the space to navigate their choices based on their values, beliefs, and unique situations.


The movement to make abortions legal is driven by a commitment to women's rights, public health, and the avoidance of dangerous practices. By legalizing abortions, societies demonstrate their dedication to promoting individual freedom, reducing health risks, and respecting diverse circumstances. While the debate on this topic is likely to continue, the arguments in favor of legalization remain grounded in the pursuit of gender equality, compassion, and the protection of human rights.

Additional Sources:

  • Guttmacher Institute. "Induced Abortion Worldwide." Guttmacher Institute, 2021, www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/induced-abortion-worldwide.
  • World Health Organization. "Safe Abortion: Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems." World Health Organization, 2012.
  • Cook, Rebecca J., and Bernard M. Dickens. "Human Rights Dynamics of Abortion Law Reform." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 123, supplement 3, 2013, pp. S9-S12.
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