The Debate Around Abortion And Its Rogerian Argument

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Abortion is the intentional termination of a pregnancy. A fertilized egg is a zygote, then an embryo up to 8 weeks, then a fetus. In 1990, 1.5 mil. abortions were performed in America; that number is declining. In 2000, 21 out of every 1000 women, of childbearing age had an abortion making it a very common procedure. Risk of death of death is 1/10 that of pregnancy. The first recorded evidence of abortion is from the Egyptian Ebers Papyrus in 1550 BCE. Many of the methods employed in early cultures were non-surgical. Physical activities such as: strenuous labor, climbing, paddling, weightlifting, or diving were a common technique. Abortion is one of the most controversial topics today. Although there are two sides of the debate pro-choice and pro life, arguments are mainly centered around the Roe v. Wade decision, women’s rights and state restrictive laws.

The terms ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ refer to the dominant ideologies concerning abortion rights. Those who are pro-life, a term that some argue is biased because it suggests that the opposition does not value human life, believe that abortion should be banned. Those who are pro-choice support keeping abortion legal and accessible.

Generally, people who identify as pro-choice believe that everyone has the basic human right to decide when and whether to have children. When you say you’re pro-choice you’re telling people that you believe it’s OK for them to have the ability to choose abortion as an option for an unplanned pregnancy — even if you wouldn’t choose abortion for yourself. People who are ‘pro-choice’ believe that individuals have unlimited autonomy with respect to their own reproductive systems, as long as they don’t breach the autonomy of others. There are many reasons as to why people get these abortions. It all depends on the situation for them. They believe that they can manipulate anyone just for the benefit of living a stressless life themselves.

The pro-life view isn’t just a feeling or personal preference. It’s not merely a belief that some people hold. It is supported by very good reasons. It is based on a fact of science and a principle of justice – not just about the religious perspective. Within the pro-life community some believe that an unborn baby has life as soon as it has been conceived, because they believe that having human genome is a necessary and sufficient condition for a developing organism to be factually identified as a living human being.

This topic has always been something that rages people. There are so many sides to this issue that almost everyone disagrees with each other in one thing or another. So many innocent people already die in battles and wars. This is just another war in between the innocent and the ones who are able to rule over the weak.

Kathy Rudy is associate professor of ethics and women’s studies at Duke University. She is the author of ‘Sex and the Church: Gender, Homosexuality, and the Transformation of Christian Ethics’ and ‘Beyond Pro-Life and Pro-Choice: Moral Diversity in the Abortion Debate.’Beyond Pro-Life and Pro-Choice is a gift to all who want to expand their understanding of the religious, moral, and philosophical aspects of the abortion debate. Ethicist Kathy Rudy examines four systems of belief – Catholicism, evangelical Protestantism, feminism, and classical liberalism as expressed in the medical profession – and reveals the role abortion plays in each. She shows why, in each case, ideas, about abortion are unlikely to change – because they emerge from each community’s deeply held values and concerns, which vary from community to community. She demonstrates that constructing the abortion debate as a choice between ‘pro-life’ and ‘pro-choice’ has distorted and misrepresented the ways that many people relate to the issue of abortion, and has obscured the diversity of belief both among and within communities and individuals. Finally, she offers a provocative alternative that would allow every community involved to more freely develop and express its views about the morality of abortion. This book extends our minds when reading about the different values in each belief. This will definitely help me so I do not make my paper based. I would like to include all asspects of abortion so people can understand one another and find common ground. It would be interesting to read more about the different beliefs and aspects of crucial situations like abortion.

Abby Johnson (born July 10, 1980) is an American anti-abortion activist who previously worked at Planned Parenthood as a clinic director, but resigned in October 2009. She states that she resigned after watching an abortion on ultrasound. Her memoir, Unplanned, was made into the 2019 movie of the same name. The simple act of her resigning as a wroker for Planned Parenthood became a national news story because Abby was the director of a Planned Parenthood clinic in Texas who, after participating in an actual abortion procedure for the first time, walked down the street to join the Coalition for Life. Unplanned is a heart-stopping personal drama of life-and-death encounters, a courtroom battle, and spiritual transformation that speaks hope and compassion into the political controversy that surrounds this issue. Telling Abby’s story from both sides of the abortion clinic property line, this book is a must-read for anyone who cares about the life versus rights debate and helping women who face crisis pregnancies. I think this book would be exceptional to utilize for my paper. This is a particular story where tables have turned and the reader pauses to ask themselves how and why an act like this made a whole nation pause. This is literally a story of what she witnessed at her job and what the doctors and nurses there actually do.

Dorothy Nelkin, a New York University sociologist who chronicled the uneasy relationship between science and society, died on Wednesday at her home in Manhattan. Professor Nelkin, a prolific author who began her research at Cornell in 1963, was a close observer of science and how it is perceived — and, often, misperceived — by the public. In her essay, she mentions that the controversies concerning the religious implications of science have grown increasingly strained in recent years. Creation scientists have deployed new strategies to eliminate the teaching of evolution in public schools; right-to-life groups have obstructed fetal tissue research; and clerical groups have criticized genomics and genetic testing. Meanwhile, the Templeton Foundation began promoting the idea that there is no conflict between science and religion. In this paper, Nelkin explores emerging efforts to reconcile religion and science. She focuses particularly on the use of religious imagery and metaphor by scientists as they seek to convince the public of the power of genes or to allay concerns about new technologies. Nelkin suggests that their use of God talk may reflect both its wider prevalence in political rhetoric in the United States and its instrumental utility, in light of the religious implications of contemporary biology. This consensual essay identifies the mutual understanding between science and religion when it comes to the debate of life. This essay would benefit my paper, considering that religion and science are two clashing subjects. These two just don’t mix. This would fill in questions and doubts for anyone who is on either side of the spectrum.

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Gerard V. Bradley teaches constitutional law at Notre Dame, where (with John Finnis) he directs the Natural Law Institute. His books to be published during 2019 include Catholic Social Teaching: A Volume of Scholarly Essays (edited with Christian Brugger, published by Cambridge University Press) and Unquiet Americans: United States Catholics and the Common Good (Saint Augustine’s Press). He wrote an essay on Ronald Dworkin’s book, Life’s Dominion: An Argument About Abortion, Euthanasia, and Individual Freedom. Ronald Dworkin, QC, FBA was an American philosopher of law. He was a Jeremy Bentham Professor of Law and Philosophy at University College London, Frank Henry Sommer Professor of Law at New York University, and has taught previously at Yale Law School and the University of Oxford. An influential contributor to both philosophy of law and political philosophy, Dworkin received the 2007 Holberg International Memorial Prize in the Humanities for ‘his pioneering scholarly work’ of ‘worldwide impact.’ His theory of law as integrity is amongst the most influential contemporary theories about the nature of law. In his book he adresses the crucially related acts of abortion and euthanasia in a brilliantly original book that examines their meaning in a nation that prizes both life and individual liberty. From Roe v. Wade to the legal battle over the death of Nancy Cruzan, no issues have opened greater rifts in American society than those of abortion and euthanasia.

At the heart of Life’s Dominion is Dworkin’s inquest into why abortion and euthanasia provoke such controversy. Do these acts violate some fundamental ‘right to life’? Or are the objections against them based on the belief that human life is sacred? Combining incisive moral reasoning and close readings of individual court decisions with a majestic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution itself, Dworkin gives us a work that is absolutely essential for anyone who cares about the legal status of human life. Gerard V. Bradley utilizes this book to summarize his work as well to explain, and put in his point of view, about natural law and the legal rights of human life. I could seriously utilize this essay due to the fact that this takes a whole different turn. Yes the issue is the same, but it modifies the way we would look at it. We read this essay and notice how these authors have used the issue of abortion and change the argument in a way that makes the readers rethink their morals.

Kate Bryan is a British art historian, curator and arts broadcaster. In 2016 Bryan became Head of Collections for Soho House globally. Bryan wrote and presented the art television series Galleries on Demand which aired every week in 2016 on Sky Arts. She attended the University of Warwick and the University of Hong Kong. In this article, Bryan provides us with a personal story of growing up and living her life as a feminist and a pro-life woman. In the modern world, she goes to a Woman’s March where she was excluded from the whole thing. This is a Woman’s March and, apperently, if you are pro-life you should not be in a Woman’s March to fight for womans rights. Shouldn’t this march be opened to ALL women? People have no respect and are mindless. It seems like you either follow the crowd, or you’re publicly shamed and segregated. After this event she realized that only together we can be a real revolution and change the economy for the better. She wanted this message to be known. Her objective was to demonstrate how she, as a pro-life fenimist, lived her life and what he believed. While feminists are all about genders having equal rights and emphasize the right of a woman to decide whether to terminate pregnancy, Bryan enlightens us the variety of people opinions, beliefs, and where they stand on this whole matter. This personal story adds to my paper certain information that feminists shoudl realize that instead of abortion benifiting them, it is literally harming them. What a great article with some insightful views.

Planned Parenthood is a health care provider. They deliver vital reproductive health care, sex education, and information to millions of people worldwide. The essential health care services Planned Parenthood provides, like: STD testing and treatment, birth control, well-woman exams, cancer screening and prevention, abortion, hormone therapy, infertility services, and general health care. This article was clearly formed by people who approve of what Planned Parenthood does. With 40-50 million abortions that occur every year, Planned Parenthood wants to provide some information to all the young girls and women who are expecting but would like to terminate the pregnancy. Their infomration includes the process of what they do when perfomring an abortion. Their website includes a stack of information like when are girls able to get an abortion. This information will help me to include information about the whole process.

Gianna Jessen (born April 6, 1977) is an American anti-abortion activist. She was born during a failed saline abortion attempt.[1][2][3] The 2011 film October Baby was loosely based on Jessen’s life. This video presents a speech that Jessen had at Queen’s Hall Parliament House in Victoria. Australia on the eve of the debate to decriminalize abortion in Victoria. She wanted to prove to everyone that life is special and it is treasured by those who have it. She wanted to convey the idea that good will win…God won. Everyone deserves the chance to live. You do not know what great things they could have done. During her speech, she was talking to religious people with vocation, political members and woman of course. With this trend of abortion, Jessen wanted to criminalize abortion in Victoria. Because hse is an abortion survivor, she walks on this land so that babies could breath, see, taste, see, and explore the world we live on. Personal stories have always hit us differently. They create a stronger impact on the reader/audience. Using her speech as a resource, my paper would include awareness and consciousness that life is truly precious.

Toby MacDonald is a director, writer, and producer that made the documentary In the Womb which came out in 2005. The sperm is the smallest cell in the human body, yet each one carries an exact copy of the father’s genetic code. The sperm possesses a basic sense of smell that allows it to sniff its way towards the egg, which just happens to be the largest cell in the human body. The egg also contains each woman’s genetic code. This documentary documents the 9 month journey from conception to birth with images taken inside the womb. It films and explores the development of the growing fetus from conception to delivery. Open a window into the hidden world of the foetus and explore each trimester in amazing detail. It’s meant to be a joyous event, but in reality, it’s a gripping battle for survival. Using cutting edge technology, we go inside the womb and follow the incredible nine month journey from conception to a baby’s birth, showing how the struggle for life turns into the miracle of birth. Enhanced by poet Roger McGough’s reading of a series of poems written for the occasion. If you are an expecting mother, or you have babies, this documentary will surely bring tears to your eyes. The audience follows this life before birth adventure making one better understand this development. I would definitely use this considering that this doesn’t put its full focus on the mother, but rather on the child. It provides a different perspective. And that’s why we’re here for…to see and understand different perspectives.

Living Waters is an organization that goes around the nation to get people’s opinions and views on oportion. They have a conversation with the person being interviewed and ask them a series of questions. What the organization wants form this is to chnage people minds on abortion and have succefully achived that on many people. This film was seen by millions. They distributed it over a million DVDS and it was shown on television in over 190 countries. ”180” has been called a half-hour of “video adrenaline,” an “emotional rollercoaster,” and “mind-blowing.” This riveting, award-winning documentary carries a unique message in which you will see eight people change their minds on abortion in a matter of seconds…because they were asked one question. This film contains perspectives from people all over the world and their views/beliefs on this world issue.

Ray Comfort is the Founder/President/CEO of Living Waters Publications and an award-winning filmmaker. Is it okay to abort a baby? What would you say? People give many reasons why abortion is an acceptable choice, including: The inconvenience of pregnancy, Incompetence of parents, Infant disabilities, It’s the woman’s body, It’s not a baby, Rape or incest, and She’s not ready to be a parent. In his film he addresses these seven questions, reasoning with college students and people on the street about whether such objections are justified. Seeing those who are ardently pro-choice change their minds in moments is both compelling and convincing. What reasons would you give for/against abortion? Just like the last film, this was to persuay people that abortion is wrong. Mainly, it provides peoples views on the subject and their way of thinking. This film could definitely be beneficial for me if I want to persuade my audience.  

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