Should Abortion Be Made Legal? A Comprehensive Examination

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The question of whether abortion should be made legal is a deeply divisive and complex issue that elicits passionate arguments from individuals on both sides of the debate. This essay aims to explore the arguments for and against legalizing abortion, considering a range of ethical, legal, and societal factors that contribute to this contentious topic.

The Pro-Choice Argument

Advocates for legalizing abortion, often referred to as the pro-choice movement, emphasize a woman's right to autonomy and bodily integrity. They argue that individuals should have the freedom to make decisions about their reproductive health without government interference. From this perspective, making abortion legal is essential to ensuring women's rights and safeguarding their physical and emotional well-being.

Pro-choice supporters also highlight the potential consequences of restricting access to safe and legal abortion. They argue that making abortion illegal could lead to a rise in unsafe and clandestine procedures, putting women's lives at risk. Additionally, they contend that denying access to abortion can lead to unwanted pregnancies, contributing to economic and social challenges for both women and their families.

The Pro-Life Argument

Opponents of legalizing abortion, often associated with the pro-life movement, prioritize the protection of fetal rights and the sanctity of life. They believe that life begins at conception and assert that the unborn child should have the same rights and protections as any other human being. From this standpoint, making abortion legal would be tantamount to endorsing the termination of innocent lives.

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Pro-life advocates also emphasize the potential alternatives to abortion, such as adoption, as solutions that provide the unborn child with a chance at life. They contend that society should focus on providing support systems that encourage women to choose alternatives to abortion, rather than legalizing a practice they view as morally wrong and ethically unacceptable.

Ethical Considerations

The question of whether abortion should be made legal is fraught with ethical considerations that delve into questions of personhood, rights, and societal values. Ethicists often engage in thoughtful discourse regarding the balance between a woman's autonomy and the moral status of the fetus.

Furthermore, the ethical analysis extends to the role of government in individuals' personal choices. Debates often revolve around the extent to which legal regulations should impact deeply personal and morally complex decisions.

Legal and Policy Implications

The legal and policy implications of legalizing abortion are far-reaching and warrant careful consideration. In regions where abortion is legalized, proponents argue that women have access to safe medical procedures and are not subjected to potential harm from illegal and unsafe methods. Additionally, legalizing abortion may provide a framework for regulating the practice and ensuring that medical standards are upheld.

Conversely, opponents of legalizing abortion might raise concerns about the potential devaluation of human life and the broader societal impact of endorsing a practice they deem unethical. They argue that legalizing abortion may have unintended consequences, such as undermining the sanctity of life and altering societal values.


The question of whether abortion should be made legal is deeply intertwined with complex ethical, legal, and societal considerations. Proponents of legalizing abortion emphasize a woman's right to autonomy and the potential risks of restricting access to safe procedures. Opponents prioritize the protection of fetal rights and the moral implications of terminating pregnancies. Ultimately, the decision to legalize or prohibit abortion reflects deeply held values and perspectives, highlighting the importance of respectful dialogue and thoughtful analysis in addressing this divisive issue.

Works Cited

  • Thomson, Judith Jarvis. "A Defense of Abortion." Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 1, no. 1, 1971, pp. 47-66.
  • Marquis, Don. "Why Abortion Is Immoral." The Journal of Philosophy, vol. 86, no. 4, 1989, pp. 183-202.
  • Warren, Mary Anne. "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion." The Monist, vol. 57, no. 4, 1973, pp. 43-61.
  • Glover, Jonathan. "Causing Death and Saving Lives." Penguin, 1977.
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