Continuity And Change over Time In Canadian Society
After the Great War, Canada changed a lot during the 1920s and 1930s. For example,the Group Seven, new technologies and changes in the role of women. The Group Seven——founded in 1920, the Group Seven is an organization that calls itself as the modern artist. Apart from, Tom Thomson, Emily Carr and David Milne, the Group Seven is the most important Canadian artists of the first decades of the twentieth century. Their aesthetics are mainly derived from them. The organization opposes the limits of naturalism in the 19th century and tries to establish a more equitable and independent relationship between art and nature. Through self-promotion and friends of the Art and Literature Club and the Canadian Forum, and the support of the National Gallery, the group’s influence spread in the 1920s. Harris and Jackson influence and encourage the next generation of Canadian artists, while Lismer, MacDonald and Valley are both outstanding and influential teachers.
New technology during 1920s and 1930s, By 1900, some people used sand filters or lime hypochlorite for water treatment. As better sand filters clean urban drinking water, health services are improved, but wastewater treatment is progressing slowly. In 1915, Brantford, Ontario became the first city in North America to build an activated sludge plant – where microbes were used to break down organic matter – to treat sewage. Although wood is still a common material, the use of structural steel and reinforced concrete and new construction techniques for elevators also contribute to the city’s upward and outward development. This made the people at that time greatly improved in terms of water sanitation, and made the Canadians better and better.
The role of women during 1920s and 1930s, By 1922, except for Quebec, women in all provinces received provincial votes. In the early 1920s, the Women’s International Alliance for Peace and Freedom was established in Canada to promote peace and disarmament. In 1919, women were granted the right to hold political positions in parliament. In 1921, Agnes MacPhail became the first woman to be elected as a federal member. In 1929, five Alberta women led by Judge Emily Murphy successfully submitted the personnel case to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the United Kingdom, resulting in Canadian women eligible for Senate appointments .
The Great Depression affected Canadian society and Canadian politics a lot. First,the Great Depression affected in Unbalanced burden. Due to the effects of its imbalances, the basic social welfare structure and misguided government policies, the impact of the Great Depression is even more serious. One third of Canada’s gross national income comes from exports, so the country has been hit hard by the collapse of world trade. For example, the situation in the prairie is exacerbated by years of drought and huge crop catastrophes caused by locusts and hail storms. Such as, the lowest wheat price in the history of Saskatchewan’s history, has reduced provincial income by 90% in two years, forcing 66% of the rural population to receive relief. Beside, impact on population demographic change is an obvious difficult index. The population growth throughout the 1930s reached its lowest point since the 1880s, through immigration and a decline in birth rates. The number of immigrants admitted to Canada dropped from 169,000 in 1929 to less than 12,000 in 1935, and never exceeded 17,000 in the remainder of the decade. Canada’s birth rate fell from 13.1 per 1,000 live births in 1930 to 9.7 in 1937, the lowest rate since the 1960s. In the 1930s, as Canada’s rural population grew faster than the urban population, the 50-year urbanization momentum reversed. Lastly, changed the political landscape, the Great Depression changed the Canadian perception of the economy and the role of the state. The common belief of Bennett and the King’s government and most economists before – a balanced budget, a sound dollar and changes in trade tariffs will enable the private market to bring recovery – is wrong. In response, the Great Depression spawned various politics, such as the Workers Solidarity Coalition, the Relief Camp Workers Union, and the National Unemployed Workers’ Association, which played an important role in organizing non-technical and unemployed people to participate in protest demonstrations.
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