Analysis Of Racial Disparities In The New York Police Department's Stop, Question, And Frisk Practices
This article is based on the NYPD officers who have made patterns of stops and have questioned and searched to determine if there were indications of racial disparities taken in the action of officers while conducting these interactions. It talks about the racial disparities in the New York Police Department’s stops, their questioning, and their frisk practices. Everything that was said in this article is supported by the New York City Police foundation. As well as it is dealing with large racial disparities.
This article has a lot to do with race which is where culturally literate comes in. The way that they determined the racial distribution to benchmarks results is by looking more into external benchmarking which they look at the “distribution of the stopped pedestrians would have been if officers stop decisions had been racially unbiased” with this being said they look more into if a pedestrian would have made that stop as well or if the police officer did make a good call and didn’t just pull that person over because of their race being involved. Although constructing this is a very hard thing to do since it involves those officers that are being exposed involving themselves in racial composition. They get their information by comparing the “rates of criminal participation and police exposure” with this they can compare using many benchmarks which then will have the strengths and weakness that they need that will provide probable benchmarks. Which they can use to identify crime suspect descriptions. What was significant about the results for the internal benchmarking analysis was being able to compare with other “benchmarks to demonstrate the sensivity of external benchmarking”. With that being said they were able to analyze and departments patterns, for example they then came to a conclusion that suspects regardless of race are equally exposed to police officers. Although the benchmark is not responsible for any of the bias stuff officers may have conducted. It is the most widely used data base, but it is also the very unreliable. You can count of census which it’s more of a data base for different exposure to the police.
The outcome analysis did develop more significantly because now they are frisking white suspects less than before, there percentage went down by 4%. Even though black suspects are still likely to be stopped in the same circumstances as a white suspect that percentage went down as well by 4%. Also having white people be less summoned now, decreasing it by 7%. The arrests in general went down by 1%. Another result was there not being anymore evidence of use of force on any specific race in Queens, Brooklyn North, and the Bronx. O
verall there was only a small difference and percentage wise of a difference but there was improvement for frisk, use of force, and arrests being made. The numbers before being calculated when they were doing their research they had suspected that a white suspect was more liker to have contraband that were a black suspect. When they accounted for all the important factors they noticed a great difference being reduced be a lot. The majority of it didn’t have much of a difference for an outcome but the little increase in those percentages is what makes the difference in this.
Some recommendation of the researchers were when a police officer makes that traffic stop to let the pedestrian know why they were asked to pull over, they also need to review the town with the most racial disparities in traffic stops, the UF250 should be having all the recorded data on there so next time someone is investigating them that information can actually be useful and also so all that information could be recorded in case of any use of force incidents. The NYPD should also be modifying the audits of the UF250 information on the questions being asked regarding “forms, such as time, place, and reason for the stop”.
The NYPD should also identify, flagging, and investigating officers with out of the ordinary stop patterns with that being said they want them to focus on the racial distribution stops. In conclusion, once the officers start to put all this information into their systems then it will make these investigations easier and we can then see if these are all being legal stops or if these officers are just stopping vehicles due to race. This won’t just solve the issue, but it will imply that the NYPD policies and procedures are not justified and need to change immediately.
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