Why Should We Legalize Abortion: Empowering Women's Choice and Safety

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The debate over legalizing abortion has been a subject of intense discussion and controversy for decades. In this essay, we will explore the compelling reasons why many advocate for the legalization of abortion, focusing on the importance of women's rights, public health, and the reduction of unsafe procedures. By examining these factors, we can gain insight into the rationale behind the push to legalize abortion and the potential benefits it offers to individuals and society as a whole.

Empowering Women's Rights

Legalizing abortion is fundamentally rooted in the belief in women's rights and bodily autonomy. Advocates argue that women should have the right to make decisions about their own bodies and reproductive health without interference from external entities, such as the government or society. Denying women the ability to access safe and legal abortion services restricts their agency and infringes upon their basic human rights.

By legalizing abortion, society acknowledges that women are capable of making informed decisions about their lives, bodies, and futures. This recognition empowers women to exercise control over their reproductive choices, allowing them to align their decisions with their unique circumstances, aspirations, and beliefs.

Ensuring Public Health and Safety

Supporters of legalizing abortion highlight the importance of public health and safety. When abortion is illegal, many women resort to unsafe and often life-threatening procedures to terminate pregnancies. Legalizing and regulating abortion provides women with access to safe medical procedures performed by qualified healthcare professionals, thus reducing the risks associated with dangerous alternatives.

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The negative consequences of unsafe abortion are far-reaching, affecting not only the women seeking abortions but also their families and communities. Legalizing abortion can help minimize health complications, maternal mortality rates, and the burden on healthcare systems by ensuring that procedures are performed under proper medical supervision and in hygienic conditions.

Reducing Unsafe Procedures

One of the compelling reasons to legalize abortion is to reduce the prevalence of unsafe and clandestine procedures. When abortion is illegal, individuals seeking to terminate pregnancies may resort to unregulated, unsanitary, and often dangerous methods. These methods can lead to severe health complications, long-term consequences, and even death.

Legalizing abortion provides individuals with a safe and medically supervised option. It offers an opportunity to promote comprehensive sex education and raise awareness about reproductive health, thereby empowering individuals to make informed decisions that prioritize their well-being. By eliminating the need for clandestine procedures, legalization can save lives and protect the health of women.

Respecting Diverse Beliefs and Circumstances

The decision to legalize abortion acknowledges the diversity of beliefs, circumstances, and cultural backgrounds that individuals come from. While some people may hold strong beliefs against abortion, others may face complex situations where the continuation of a pregnancy could pose serious risks to their health or well-being.

Legalizing abortion respects the principle of individual freedom and recognizes that a one-size-fits-all approach does not adequately address the complexities of personal circumstances. It allows individuals to navigate their choices based on their own values, beliefs, and unique situations.


The call to legalize abortion is rooted in the principles of women's rights, public health, safety, and respect for individual autonomy. By legalizing abortion, societies can create an environment that supports the well-being and agency of women, reduces the prevalence of unsafe procedures, and recognizes the diverse circumstances in which individuals find themselves. While the debate over abortion will undoubtedly continue, the push for legalization remains grounded in the pursuit of compassion, equality, and the protection of human rights.

Additional Sources:

  • Guttmacher Institute. "Induced Abortion Worldwide." Guttmacher Institute, 2021, www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/induced-abortion-worldwide.
  • World Health Organization. "Unsafe Abortion: Global and Regional Estimates of the Incidence of Unsafe Abortion and Associated Mortality in 2008." World Health Organization, 2011.
  • Cook, Rebecca J., and Bernard M. Dickens. "Human Rights Dynamics of Abortion Law Reform." International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 123, supplement 3, 2013, pp. S9-S12.
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    Why Should We Legalize Abortion: Empowering Women’s Choice and Safety. (2023, August 29). WritingBros. Retrieved September 24, 2023, from https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/why-should-we-legalize-abortion-empowering-womens-choice-and-safety/
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    Why Should We Legalize Abortion: Empowering Women’s Choice and Safety. [online]. Available at: <https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/why-should-we-legalize-abortion-empowering-womens-choice-and-safety/> [Accessed 24 Sept. 2023].
    Why Should We Legalize Abortion: Empowering Women’s Choice and Safety [Internet]. WritingBros. 2023 Aug 29 [cited 2023 Sept 24]. Available from: https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/why-should-we-legalize-abortion-empowering-womens-choice-and-safety/
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