The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment

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The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment essay
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In 1961, A psychologist called Stanley Milgram, carried an obedience experiment. Members were recruited for the psychological study in learning. Members carried the role of a 'teacher,' which involves in reading a list of words that tested a learner's memory. Each time the learner got incorrect answers, the teacher was instructed by an authority figure to deliver a shock. With each wrong answer the voltage increased and went up to 450volts, even though no shock was really delivered. Increased shocks led the members heard noises. Members believed that students were getting real shocks

There are two reasons as to why people obey. One reason is that they visualise authority as being lawful and known as a genuine person. Another reason is that they may follow as they are being pressured to carry such things and fear consequences if they rejected due to maybe committing to something with no research(McLeod, 2017)

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The strengths of Milgram’s study is that it was taken in a workroom and so it permitted authority figures to have a high sense control. This makes results dependable as Milgram’s orders to make members follow his orders. Another strength is that members volunteered so had given their approval to take part in the study as they were paid to take part in the test which gave them a sense of purpose in the acts they were involving (leighanne1907, 2011).

Milgram’s study lacks validity. This is because it does not show authorities in different fields like teachers, police officers and doctors. This study could be carried in many different ways. Anther limitation is that the experiment is only targeted on white men and not people with different races.

In 1961, studies were unethical due to debated situations that have been raised. There were critics on most members were male college students. Many people felt uncomfortable when been told carry tasks that was not within their intentions (What is psychology, 2018). It stated that the study was fake. There were no ethical guidelines for human protection and so authorities used their own judgment about whether their research posed an ethical problem and ethical question where ignored (Blass 71). The experimenter deceived members who were made to believe that they were truly imposing pain on the learners and were purposely put in a position of high stress. Some teachers even believed they had badly hurt, or even killed the learner and caused anxiety. Milgram lied about the purpose of the experiment. While it was truly to measure obedience, he told his members that he was studying the effects of punishment on learning (The Ethical Dilemma, 2018).

As you can see the experimenter deceived members who were made to believe that they were truly causing pain on the learners and were purposely put in a position of high stress. The study does not go further does not show authorities in different fields but only shows the lab study which makes the entire study fake. In conclusion to this, there are two reasons as to why people obey. One is they visualise authority as being a genuine person. Another is that they may feel pressured to carry orders in fear of the consequences that may come with it if they rejected. And lastly, Milgram's study does not hold answers as to why people obey orders from authority figures

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Expert Review
The essay discusses Stanley Milgram's obedience experiment and highlights reasons behind obedience to authority. The author presents a basic understanding of the experiment's setup and its implications. The essay briefly touches upon strengths and limitations of the study, as well as ethical concerns. While the content covers relevant aspects, it lacks depth and critical analysis. The writing style is somewhat disorganized and could benefit from clearer structuring. More comprehensive exploration of the experiment's methodology, implications, and the psychology of obedience would enhance the analysis.
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What can be improved
Clear Structure: Organize the essay with clear sections for introduction, strengths, limitations, ethical concerns, and conclusion. Depth of Analysis: Provide more detailed explanations and examples to support each point made, delving deeper into the experiment's implications and psychological factors. Critical Perspective: Offer a more nuanced evaluation of the experiment's significance, addressing its impact on understanding human behavior and ethics. Clarity and Grammar: Review sentence structure and grammar to ensure clear communication of ideas. Citations: Ensure consistent and accurate citation of sources for credibility and to avoid plagiarism.
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The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram’s Obedience Experiment. (2020, November 26). WritingBros. Retrieved February 22, 2024, from https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-stanley-milgrams-obedience-experiment/
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The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram’s Obedience Experiment. [online]. Available at: <https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-stanley-milgrams-obedience-experiment/> [Accessed 22 Feb. 2024].
The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram’s Obedience Experiment [Internet]. WritingBros. 2020 Nov 26 [cited 2024 Feb 22]. Available from: https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-stanley-milgrams-obedience-experiment/
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The Strengths and Weaknesses of Stanley Milgram's Obedience Experiment essay

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