Robotic Surgery: Medical Treatment Through Precision and Innovation

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“Meet your next surgeon:DR. Robot” said by famous writer Ryan Bradley. Robotic surgery is one of the new medical treatments across the world that has enabled robots to perform surgeries, and allow patients to recover faster. The technology has enabled surgeons to become more accurate in complex procedures period, for example, the cardiothoracic surgery for the use of small incisions. The robotic surgery involves the use of about four robotic arms that are inserted inside the patients' bodies through small incisions. One of the hands has a camera while the other two are like two hands of the surgeon performing the procedure. The fourth one is used to eliminate distractions that would alter the process. The surgeon who manages the four robotic arms through a nearby console while there is a surgical group beside the patient with auxiliary tasks. The robotic enabled surgeries ensure minimally invasive procedures which would not otherwise be carried out through the open surgery. Robotic surgery medical treatment is essential as it reduces recovery period, reduces blood loss and control infections during surgery.

Robotic surgery is vital to ensure a comfortable recovery of patients. Research shows most patients experience hardships after the surgery and not during, because of the issues related to healing like fatigue and medications. When a patient leaves the theatre and discomfort follows, disappointed is resulted, especially if they have struggled with an illness for long and surgery was the only option available. The challenge has been solved by robotic surgery, which makes it important in the health sector. The advancement has solved the issue due to the use of smaller incisions as well as a less invasive surgery which leads to a quicker recovery process for patients. Moreover, robot-aided surgery has reduced the recovery period from weeks to days. For example, a patient requiring a chest surgery does not have to use a chest tube for long period of time, which is the case with the open surgery. The machine returns everything in position fast, making the patient recover quickly.

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The shortened recovery period plays a major role in the patient. For example, they do not have to stay in the hospital for long, and thus costs incurred in being inpatient care not used. Notably, surgeries can affect patients psychologically, because most of patients fear the aftermath of the surgery, especially if it is the only treatment option remaining. As a result, they need support which may not be given in the hospital because of the numb number of patients to take care of. When patients are released soon, they get emotional support from their loved ones, which is necessary to speed up the recovery. They are also given better care at home than in the hospital, thus making them recover fast and get back to their normal life. The robotic surgery is also comfortable for doctors, as they control the machine while seated, making them concentrate better than while standing, which is not the case with the traditional method. As a result, challenges like fatigue and sweating which negatively affects the surgery process are reduced.

Robotic surgery is also important because it reduces scars and prevents blood loss. One of the major concerns in surgery is blood loss since the human body has many quarts of blood running. It, therefore, means that when a surgical process occurs, chances of blood loss are high. In case a patient loses too much blood, costs such as blood transfusion would be needed which are expensive. Other than that, the patient would take longer to heal since the lack of enough blood flow means some of the body parts are not functioning right. In some cases, patients have lost too much blood during surgeries leading to death, especially when transfusion cannot be done immediately. The robotic surgical system da Vinci has highly controlled blood loss effects because incisions used are smaller than those used in open surgery. Since they are small, the possibility of injury is reduced, thus reducing bleeding.

Moreover, the devices in robotic surgery make precise movements, which means that they rarely damage the vital organs. In short, bleeding is highly controlled by this technology, because robotic arms do not interfere with the nearby areas. As a result, challenges leading to the need for blood transfusion are controlled. The friendly surgical process makes patients recover faster and prevent unnecessary costs, like those of blood transfusion. Also, patients who undergo surgery through robot treatment do not have to heal from too many scars. Since the machine only touches the injured part, the nearing area is kept safe. As a result, patients recover faster and with less pain because they only have to handle one wound.

Usage of robotic surgery in medical treatment is also important for avoiding infections. The possibility of infections is evident in the traditional form of surgery, since the body is opened and there are many sources of infections. When a patient in the surgical theater gets infected, the period of healing is lengthened, and in case the body cannot kill the bacteria, death results. As said above, robotic surgery is less invasive, meaning that it does not tamper with unwanted areas of the body. As a result, the probability of infections is reduced, thus saving the life of the patient. Also, the technology offers help even to non-surgical patients. Although surgery is a reliable way of saving lives, it is not applied to every person. For example, people who are weak due to terminal illnesses such as cancer are advised not to go for surgery until they are stronger. One of the reasons for the claim is that the process would introduce infections that the patient may not handle. However, the robotic surgery would be conducted to people with any conditions, because it controls infection. There are instances where surgery would be conducted by a newly employed doctor, who has less experience concerning the process. Operating the robot is easier than doing the operation by hand, which reduces cases of doctors killing patients due to inexperience.

In conclusion, the use of robotic surgery is one of the new medical treatments that are being used. Instead of surgeons standing the entire surgical process, they are now using a robot that has become useful operating on patients. One of the reasons why robotic surgery is important it reduces the recovery period. As stated previously, the machine is less invasive, meaning that much damaging is controlled. As a result, patients recover faster than normal operations, thus prevent excess costs of staying in the hospital and receive support from family that is useful for emotional healing. It is also important as it reduces scars and bleeding thus preventing other processes such as blood transfusion that would lengthen the healing process. Finally, robotic surgery reduces chances of infections which would alter the process and probably cause death. As a result, the technology favors even non-surgical patients because it is safer than the traditional method.

Works Cited

  • Gutierrez, M.M. et al. 'Utilizing Firefly Technology to Minimize Blood Loss during Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Myomectomy.' Journal Of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, vol 20, no. 6, 2013, p. S194. Elsevier BV, doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2013.08.694.
  • Hald, Kirsten, and Marit Lieng. 'Assessment of Periodic Blood Loss: Interindividual and Intraindividual Variations of Pictorial Blood Loss Assessment Chart Registrations.' Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, vol 21, no. 4, 2014, pp. 662-668. Elsevier BV, doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2014.01.015.
  • Hammoud, Zane. 'The 5 Most Important Recent Publications Regarding Robotic Esophageal Surgery'. Seminars In Thoracic And Cardiovascular Surgery, vol 28, no. 1, 2016, pp. 147-150. Elsevier BV, doi:10.1053/j.semtcvs.2015.12.014.
  • Hullenaar, Cas D. P. et al. 'Ergonomic Assessment Of the First Assistant During Robot-Assisted Surgery'. Journal Of Robotic Surgery, 2018. Springer Nature, doi:10.1007/s11701-018-0851-0.
  • Kendall, Mark C., and Lucas J. Castro-Alves. 'Pain Outcomes And Recovery After Robotic Laparoscopic Transabdominal Preperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair.' Journal Of Robotic Surgery, vol 13, no. 1, 2018, pp. 185-185. Springer Nature, doi:10.1007/s11701-018-0795-4.
  • McNanley, Anna R. et al. 'Recovery After Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy: The Patients' Perspective.' Journal Of Robotic Surgery, vol 4, no. 1, 2010, pp. 1-5. Springer Nature, doi:10.1007/s11701-010-0173-3.       
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