Multitasking and How It Influences the Productivity of Students
Table of contents
According to Burak, L. (2012) in her article about multitasking in the university classroom, students engage in using mobile phones while inside the classroom in which research evidences indicates poorer learning to poorer performance. Based on the study “Developing Your Classroom Presence” by Henik, S. (2018) presence is by being connected to one another. Teachers have that presence if the connectivity with their students is their because it breeds respect and confidence that leads to a diverse learning, emotional and academic gap fillings inside the class.
In the article “Multitasking Can Damage Your Brain and Career” by Rosen, L. (2013) multitasking lowers the IQ of a person because the brain slows down with the persons productivity in it than just focusing in one single topic in that way a person can get better results. It is also because of the frequent exposure to electronic information that made the brain hard to recall and pay attention to one single thing.
According to Jan-tubiri, A. (2018) in her article about multitasking not a good idea, stress is everywhere especially when you know that you have a lot of load of things to do and when someone is stressed out he or she releases some chemicals like the heart rate increases, eating and sleeping patterns changes but also it makes you realize to be determined and finish that goal already.
Based on the magazine “Multi Multitasking” by Onel, R. (2018) in the life of someone it has so many branches of responsibilities like friends, work, religion and especially family with all of that on hand sometimes it gets all work out at the same time texting, writing, chatting, posting and many more. The dawn of multitasking is in this age right now which is fascinating but base on psychology in the rate of the human population only 2% of it can actually do it effectively and the rest are just decreasing their own productivity and credibility.
In the article “Can Students Multitask” by Santos, M.S. (2017) students these days use gadgets everyday and even while studying or anything that they needed to do. It hinders the students be more productive for they can get easily distracted by the popping of chat heads, game notifications but if it will be eradicated the jobs that cannot be finish will be done in no time. The other side of it is that the usage of gadgets as a medium for learning is the only uplifting side that still manages to save the gadgets for the students.
Based on the study “A Survey of Multitasking Behaviors in Organizations” by Crews, D. E. individual characteristics like age, gender, personality influences the organizational outcomes then leads to productivity loss of the employee for there are no training given inside the companies because it is being disregarded frequently.
According to Garland, A.M. (2010) in her study about assessing the relationship between student involvement and academic performance in higher education, it just shows that co-curricular activities affect the academic performance of a student base on the length of time given in the said activities and what position are them in a certain club or organization.
In the study about “Evaluation of Students’ Perceptions about Efficiency of Educational Club Practices in Primary Schools” by Gelen, I., Onay, I., Varol, V. (2014) an elementary school program in which talks about the efficiency of Educational Club Practices. Gender does not have a significance difference about the perception of the said topic but the location does because base on research the central district schools have lower satisfaction about educational clubs than those to the village district schools.
According to Burak, L. , Rosen, L. , Jan-tubiri, A., Onel, R. , Santos, M.S. and Crews, D. E. that they all agreed that multi-tasking is a very bad habit for a student or as a person because it hinders the productivity of a person to do his or her job quickly but they do have a different point of view on what multitasking. Burak, L., Rosen, L., Santos, M.S. and Crews, D. E. sees students as being distracted throughout the years by gadgets and social media which they think makes the brain slower to function and the productivity of the students to finish their homework quickly.
On the other side of the road, Rosen, L. and also Onel, R. concludes that it is everywhere, and it affects not just on the inside of a person but also on the outside, the physical health of a person. High school teacher Henik, S. is the only person who have given consideration about the presence inside the class especially for the teachers for them to have a better day at teaching.
Another information but no relationship to the said research study which is the study by Garland, A.M., Gelen, I., Onay, I., Varol, V. their study is all about organization but does not give an exact information if it has a negative or positive and the other is just talks about the organization but not what it affects to the students.
Summarizing all the above information that has been given multitasking is not advisable to be use because it takes away half of the credibility of a person to finish a job with high efficiency, the presence that is within that needs to be unleashed and information to furthermore understand the organization.
According to Rubinstein J.R, Meyer D.E. and Evans J.E. (2001), The Executive Control of Cognitive Processes in Task Switching, Human Perception and Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology. states that “When people attempt to complete many tasks at one time, or [alternate] rapidly between them, errors go way up, and it takes far longer—often double the time or more—to get the jobs done than if they were done sequentially”. Meyer said this happens largely because “the brain is compelled to restart and refocus”. The theory states that by switching tasks and shifting goals it takes more time and it gives more poor results instead of doing and finishing a task at a time. Moreover, this theory implies that the brain is not suitable in doing multitasking activities. Therefore, the people who multitask has a higher chance of giving poor performance and execute tasks insufficiently and thus wasting their time instead. The theory conveys that multitasking can be done while in one place but there are exceptions to this. Some task needs specific places or designated places for it to be done. People or especially students who are active in organization has a high risk missing other tasks when tending to tasks that needs to be done in the so called designated places.
As cited by the Capacity Limits of Information Processing in the Brain by a psychologist at Vanderbilt University, Marois R. (2005) discovered that “the brain exhibits a “response selection bottleneck” when asked to perform several tasks at once. The brain must then decide which activity is most important, thereby taking more time” he said. Psychologist Meyer D. of the University of Michigan, coauthor of the theory, says that “instead of a “bottleneck,” the brain experiences “adaptive executive control” which places priorities on each activity”. According to the “bottleneck” the tasks are done in an attempt to put or to force many tasks at the brain consecutively or at once which strains the person doing this, while the “adaptive executive control” states that only one task is only being prioritize and is done one at a time to preserve a sense of alignment and orderliness. Also according to the theory the brain understands the concept of the “adaptive executive” more because of how it prefers it to be orderly. The “adaptive executive control” is more reliable for students who have a lot of activities and has a lot of organization. As “adaptive executive control” gives order for tasks, it gives the students more time to conduct the tasks not like the “bottleneck” which constricts the time of the students because of the wasted time that it was given to the other tasks. Time is also saved due to the fact that students will not lose sight of what must be done as “adaptive executive control” gives them a layout of what needs to be finished first. The “bottleneck” when applied to students who are active may result in making more errors while tending to a task as the brain is not entirely focused in the task at hand.
The relationship between the number and intensity of school organization (independent variables) to the presence of students (dependent variable) including health issues for the intensity of school organization, priority selection for the number of school organization and lack of sleep for both number and intensity of school organization. Thus, academic performance can be considered connected to both number and intensity of school organization but does not have any relationship.
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