History Of African American Social Segregation And Discrimination
For centuries, the oppression that African Americans have faced is horrendous. During slavery and segregation, they were put at the bottom of a racial hierarchy. As a result of the immoral acts that millions of Africans Americans faced in the past, many thought taking their life would be better than suffering their masters mischievous acts. But others thought of ways that could result in their safety or a strategic way to eliminate the chances of getting caught or beaten by their white master in a time so desperate for money. During these times of crisis, many depended solely on the work that they had to commit to in order to have some food for their family.
African Americans were brought to North America around the early 1600”s to be part of the workforce in. That the so called white people were lazy to do. Slavery officially started in 1619 when a Dutch ship brought 20 african slaves. They used africans as a labor source because it was cheaper and they were strong so they could last longer in the weathers. Slaves mostly worked on tobacco, rice, cotton, and indigo. Though it is impossible to give accurate figures, some historians have estimated that 6 to 7 million black slaves were imported to the New World during the 18th century alone, depriving the African continent of some of its healthiest and ablest men and women.
Treatment of slaves were harsh, horrible humans shouldn’t even be treated like that the only reason they treated like that is because they had a different culture, background and race. The slaves were treated like property. Had no opinion white people thought it was right to keep slaves because it was in the bible but it was blasphemy.
The slave owners forced converted the africans to christians. THe slave owners also used slave children or babies to go crocodile hunting by tieing the baby on the rope and waiting for the crocodile to come. If a slave ran away or tried to escape the masters would bring out their bloodhounds and make them track them if they caught a slave on the slaves leg would be caught off so they can’t run no more.
Abolitionist were people who were against slavery and wanted to stop it. They had people on the inside of slave trade to sneak slaves out of the plantations. They were the main reason slavery was brought to an end. The abolitionist movement became increasingly prominent in Northern churches and politics beginning in the 1830s, which contributed to the regional animosity between North and South leading up to the Civil War.
From the 1830s until 1870, the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination. Their propounding of these goals distinguished abolitionists from the broad-based political opposition to slavery westward expansion that took form in the North after 1840 and raised issues leading to the civil war.
There are some laws and segregation back in the day say to make black people’s life even more miserable than it already was. Even when they achieved through the emancipation proclamation by Abraham Lincoln. There was segregation which black people and white people were separate even public institutions were separate. Let’s say there’s a diner and in the store window it says we don’t serve colored at this time comeback during nighttime.
Another scenario is on the Bus where Rosa parks had to give up her seat to a white person but she did not. Thats are some of the treatments black people get for just being a different color. Even children got racially abused at a young age isn’t something kids shouldn’t be exposed to.
Jim Crow laws is a racial caste system that operated 1877-to mid 1960’s it was a rigid anti black laws to keep the black people in place. JIm crow laws were not only for that it was to show how black people basically saying it was a way of life. A caste system is used to tell people were at in society but it was used for hierarchy and jobs but this caste system was used for race black people being at the bottom and white people on top. Jim crow laws were used to limit the opportunity for african american. Jim crow laws moved deeper into the south and became more rigorous like black people couldn’t even go to public parks Theaters and public restaurants were segregated. Black people and white people used different textbooks and the text books black people got were more run down and dirty. Black schools were smaller and cramped. IN some places for bibles black people and white people swore on different ones. It wasn’t even a law but if a black person and white person got married it was extremely looked down upon
Going a bit off topic here but this is really important to put in here this is another law but it is called black codes. Black codes were used between 1866-1867 in the us to reset black lives freedom. Introducing black people to a working economy where the work but for small wages. In short the limit of freedom they have but they don’t have to suffer the same abuse that they were used to and they actually get paid know but what they got paid was low but it shows a sign of transition. Many states required blacks to sign yearly labor contracts; if they refused, they risked being arrested, fined and forced into unpaid labor. Outrage over black codes helped undermine support for President Andrew Johnson and the Republican Party.
Brown vs the board of education of topeka was a landmark 1954 Supreme Court case in which the justices ruled unanimously that racial segregation of children in public schools was unconstitutional. was one of the cornerstones of the civil rights movement, and helped establish the precedent that “separate-but-equal” education and other services were not, in fact, equal at all. The ruling constitutionally sanctioned laws barring African Americans from sharing the same buses, schools and other public facilities as whites.
There are many heroes in African American culture that gained more rights and changed how other races like jane Bolin first black female to graduate from Yale Thurgood marshall first black us supreme court, Barack obama first black us president, Martin Luther. Harriet tubman and the underground railroad. Washington carver and his peanuts. People who have broken down that barrier between coloured and non-coloured. People who have made a difference that gave the future generation a voice. Gave the future generation the same opportunities that they didn’t have before the freedom to go out with and hang out with whom they want they don’t have to stay quiet about it They can be anything they want to be and it thanks to these Strong African American men and women.
Civil rights movement was a great moment of history when some distinct men and women decided enough was enough and decided to fight back. The Civil War had officially abolished slavery, but it didn’t end discrimination against blacks—they continued to endure the devastating effects of racism, especially in the South. By the mid-20th century, African Americans had had more than enough of prejudice and violence against them. They, along with many whites, mobilized and began an unprecedented fight for equality that spanned two decades. In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution gave blacks equal protection under the law.
During world war 2 African americans were on low wage farmers, factory workers, or servants. While serving in the Army, Army Air Forces, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, they experienced discrimination and segregation but met the challenge and persevered. They served their country with distinction, made valuable contributions to the war effort, and earned high praises and commendations for their struggles and sacrifices. By the Early 1940’s since most men went on to help in the war a lot of of jobs opened up and were discouraged to take them. Just like during world war 2 African Americans were discouraged to join the military to help out in the war.
The Greensboro sit-in was a civil rights protest that started in 1960, when young African-American students staged a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, and refused to leave after being denied service. The sit-in movement soon spread to college towns throughout the South. The Greensboro Four were four young black men who staged the first sit-in at Greensboro: Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil. All four were students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College.
Know in the present looks like nothing has changed really Black men and women can know vote. African americans can go to the same school has white people. They can know do things they thought was never possible. From being oppressed to to know standing on equal ground with the people who opposed them. With all that has changed black people still feel oppressed by opportunities. Let’s have a scenario that Young African American is walking down the street with a hood on a gets stopped by the police it’s showing impartiality because if it was a white guy the police would never do that.
Black lives matter movement is a movement that shows injustice to how black people are being treated on a daily basis. ”The Black Lives Matter Global Network is a chapter-based, member-led organization whose mission is to build local power and to intervene in violence inflicted on Black communities by the state and vigilantes. We are expansive. We are a collective of liberators who believe in an inclusive and spacious movement. We also believe that in order to win and bring as many people with us along the way, we must move beyond the narrow nationalism that is all too prevalent in Black communities.
We must ensure we are building a movement that brings all of us to the front. We affirm the lives of Black queer and trans folks, disabled folks, undocumented folks, folks with records, women, and all Black lives along the gender spectrum. Our network centers those who have been marginalized within Black liberation movements. We are working for a world where Black lives are no longer systematically targeted for demise. We affirm our humanity, our contributions to this society, and our resilience in the face of deadly oppression. The call for Black lives to matter is a rallying cry for ALL Black lives striving for liberation. ”
The KKK otherwise known as the klu Klux klan was a white supremacist group in the south that targeted and victimized newly freed slaves in the south. Under a platform of philosophized white racial superiority, the group employed violence as a means of pushing back Reconstruction and its enfranchisement of African Americans. Former Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest was the KKK’s first grand wizard; in 1869, he unsuccessfully tried to disband it after he grew critical of the Klan’s excessive violence.
Every day ways to fight racism is to cut off the head before it grows back. Meaning that one person starts to influence everybody you should try to stop it before that one person is supported by everybody and everybody against a group of people is not good. We all realize that racism manifests itself in many different ways. It ranges from individual bigotry, stereotyping, prejudice, hate-speech, assaults and murder to anti-immigrant actions, labor market segmentation, police brutality, racial profiling, unequal incarceration rates, corporate attacks on the welfare state, gerrymandering and imperialist foreign policies (to name just a few).
Ultimately, the recent discussions ignore the central forces behind contemporary racism and instead emphasize individual intent, dispositions and bad choices. Instead, those of us on the left need to intervene in the debate showing just how racial inequalities are reproduced through the legacies of slavery, Jim Crow, housing market discrimination, and the processes of contemporary capital accumulation itself. We should understand racism and formulate our organizing strategies against it in relation to the features of the historical context in which it emerged and the current forces that reproduce it. Here I want to make a small intervention into just one slice of the debate — racial wealth and income disparities.
Overt and deliberate forms of racial discrimination remain a big part of our contemporary reality. Today, however, the real source of the durable inequality between whites and particularly oppressed non-whites lies in an overlapping combination of the dull compulsions of the market and the racial hierarchies generated through the state and the system of production prior to the civil rights era. Adolph Reed Jr. suggests, “(C)lose attention to the specific history of the development of American capitalism indicates both that these notions [race] emerged over time and that they have evolved in concert with evolving political and economic forces. ” (Adolph Reed Jr., “Rejoinder, ” Political Power and Social Theory, Vol. 15, 304)
However, the notion that the free-market activity actually produces racial injustices runs counter to both 19th century Marxism and mainstream economics. he traditional socialist prediction of the breakdown of racism (and gender discrimination) was based on Marx’s understanding that capitalism was continuously making labor more and more exchangeable. (Erik Olin Wright, Class Counts: Student Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1997, 271)
Racism and sexism erect artificial barriers to the free flow of labor, and thus block the full commodification of labor that is required in a functioning free market – i. e. a labor force that is more and more exchangeable.
According to federal data, people of color are more than three times more likely to have subprime loans: high-coast loans account for 55% of loans to Blacks and only 17% of loans to whites. (Ibid, vi). Since predatory mortgage brokers and lenders make more money when they push people into high-cost subprime loans rather than low-cost prime loans, they have been able to reap huge profits by ignoring a homeowner’s ability to repay. The effect has been devastating for the working class, and even more so, the non-white working class.
Cite this Essay
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below