“We must especially beware of that small group of selfish men who would clip the wings of the American Eagle in order to feather their own nests.” Franklin Delano Roosevelt had to protect America from communist threats and save the economy that was in the midst of the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, at a large estate in Hyde Park, New York. His parents’ names were James and Sara Roosevelt, and he was an only child. For school, he went to Groton School and had private tutors. He went to Harvard and Columbia Law School for college.
In 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt, a distant cousin. She wanted to be plain and normal. Throughout FDR’s career, she inspired him to do many things. In 1910, he was elected to the New York Senate, and one day while swimming, he contracted polio. To regain use of his legs he went through rehabilitation, but never fully recovered the use of his legs. He had to go around in a wheelchair, use a cane, or he had to use leg brace, but could never walk for very long without his wheelchair.
In 1928, he was elected governor of New York. While he was governor, he created a Temporary Emergency Relief Administration (TERA). He appointed Harry L. Hopkins as chairman of TERA and it helped 10% of families that were in need by providing them with jobs. In 1933, he became assistant secretary of the navy where he toured naval bases and WWI battlefields. In 1932 he ran for presidency and won by a landslide against Herbert Hoover. During his inaugural address, he promised fast, precise, and effective action.
He talked about his plan to solve the Great Depression, and the plan was called the New Deal. The beginning of the New Deal was going to be experimental to figure out what worked and what didn’t. He said,” The only thing we have to fear is fear itself”. When he went into office, the depression was at the worst it had ever been. 13 million Americans were unemployed, and in order for Congress to pass reform legislation, all banks were closed. The banking system crashed on the night of his inaugural address. When banks were reopened, wealthy companies, organizations, and people were taxed higher along with the introduction of social security.
His second term election was very controversial and he won again by a landslide in 1936, he beat the Republican Gov. Alf Land. In his second election, he was mostly supported by poor people, farmers, and laborers. After his first legislative defeat in which he tried to make the Supreme Court larger by adding a new justice for every sitting justice that was 70 or older, with a maximum of six extra justices. Some of the Supreme Court began to oppose his New Deal. Afterward, the government was able to regulate the economy.
FDR’s New Deal was a plan to reform legislation to improve the state of the United States’ economy and prevent another depression from happening again. People were hoarding their money instead of putting it into banks which was causing the banking system to crash. When banks were reopened, people put their money into the banks because FDR encouraged them to during his fireside chats. Depositors’ runs were what caused the banking system to crash, but his fireside chats helped the public keep their confidence and hope in FDR. His fireside chats were when he would talk over the radio, and he did them very frequently. Depositors’ runs were when
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