The Establishment Of The #blacklivesmatter Movement
In Martin Luther King, Jr. Last work, ‘A Testament of Hope,’ ‘ from 1968, he required ‘a continuously powerful political affiliation,’ believing that it could energize black opportunity. A great deal of progress has been made since the Civil Rights Movement. Regardless, as this book explains, there is up ’til now far to go before we can maintain to live in a truly impartial society. Black destitution’s beginnings in servitude to police brutality against blacks, you’ll be taken on a visit through the administrative issues and racial divergence that has driven America to where it is today: in an overall population that some are still ‘partially blind,’ anyway where standard bias can be found in various spots, from government help cuts to dark criminalization – and where another dark opportunity improvement is starting at now rising. In the book and this summary of ‘From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation’ by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, you’ll make sense of how even Obama engendered the legend that black issues result from horrendous culture; that the possibility of a ‘tested’ society is a spread for racial division; and what the Black Codes of 1865 included and how they offered rise to black criminalization.
In the first chapter, Taylor talked about the issues operating at a profit network that are regularly misidentified as a social issue as opposed to a fundamental one. You’re most likely mindful that bondage was abrogated in the southern United States during the Civil War. Regardless of this milestone occasion, President Lyndon B. Johnson, talking almost one hundred years after the fact, clarified that ‘opportunity isn’t sufficient’ and that we despite everything still need ‘equality thus.’ Under Johnson, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, and it banned any separation dependent on race or shading. However, it did little to ease the issues, for example, wrongdoing and destitution, that stayed unavoidable all through African-American people group. One reason these issues keep on continuing is on the grounds that they’re accused of social shortcomings. At the point when Republican Representative Paul Ryan talks about high joblessness rates in ruined dark networks, he considers it a ‘culture issue.’ Ryan proposes that individuals in these networks are new to the estimation of work. At the point when President Obama talked about the viciousness in Chicago neighborhoods, he recommended it was the aftereffect of terrible decisions made by dark adolescents, saying, ‘We need to give more grounded good examples than the gangbanger on the corner.’ This reasoning moves the issue to dark individuals and their absence of order as opposed to recognizing the genuine reasons for neediness and disparity all through the nation. It additionally sustains the distortion of black individuals as apathetic lawbreakers who are against power and training. Be that as it may, truly, black destitution has been incorporated with American culture since the hours of servitude, and this is the genuine issue we’re confronting. The very economy and majority rules system that America was based on depended on subjection to help the country’s cotton, sugar, rice, and tobacco ventures. Furthermore, after the cancelation of bondage and the battle for social liberties, black enduring didn’t simply reach a conclusion. During many years of financial battle, dark individuals have been jobless just as underemployed, inappropriately housed and inadequately educated. During the Nixon and Reagan organizations, social government assistance programs had their subsidizing sliced, the impacts of which are as yet harming black networks today. As the accompanying book rundowns will appear, racism despite everything exists long after the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. What’s more, it’s powering another black freedom development.
Chapter 2 discusses that politicians have spread the bogus message of a ‘visually challenged’ society so as to push an unsafe motivation. It would be a serious mix-up to believe that any bill passed by Congress would start all over again and transform the United States into a ‘post-racial’ society. In any case, this is actually the picture a few people have attempted to advance. During the 1970s, legislators started considering America a ‘visually challenged’ country, while bigotry kept on isolating the nation. Calling America ‘partially blind’ is something other than a forswearing of the prejudice that plainly exists. This expression additionally filled a bigger need – it set up for a perilous political plan intended to hold dark networks down. To state that bigotry is never again an issue in America is to infer that prejudice can’t be the basic reason for America’s devastated networks. In this manner, destitution, wrongdoing, and joblessness must be the consequence of dark culture and not something that can be unraveled by government interests in social government assistance programs. This was correctly the rationale of the Nixon organization, which sanctioned a progression of prejudicial financial approaches during its six years in the White House, beginning in 1969. Nixon called America ‘a free and open society’ as an approach to put the fault for any neediness or wrongdoing that may happen on the individual and their awful decisions. He needed to clarify that these issues are past the assistance of financial and social arrangements, so ameliorative estimates aren’t even worth the exertion. In this way, rather than expanding spending on government assistance, Nixon increases the country’s police powers, to some extent to ensure dark networks stayed under control and any dissidents stayed in prison. In this manner started a suffering inheritance of mass imprisonment that has seriously hurt America’s dark populace. While the administration during the 1970s was focusing on each liberal association with their expanded police powers, the ‘rowdy’ black networks were hit hardest. In the following book rundown, we’ll perceive how the ascent of another dark first class during the 1980s neglected to stop the continuous detainment of the black populace.
Despite the advancements of black politicians, real change has failed to take place.
If you have an interest in civil rights, you may recall April 19, 2015: the day 25-year-old Freddy Gray died from the injuries he sustained after being arrested and viciously beaten by Baltimore police officers. There was no reason for this tragic death; Gray was neither armed nor a violent criminal. It was an all-too-familiar incident of a young man being stopped by the police merely because he was black and poor. The death of Freddy Gray sparked a wave of protests against Baltimore’s city leaders, many of whom are black. In fact, both the mayor and the city’s police commissioner are black. Unfortunately, this shows us that even though African-Americans have gained a presence in the highest positions of US politics, the country has still failed to improve the conditions among its poorest citizens. Black people have been making major inroads in politics since 1967, when Carl Stokes was elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, and became the first black mayor of a major US city. By the 1980s, cities like Los Angeles, Detroit, Chicago, and New York would all be led by black mayors at one point or another. Then, of course, Barack Obama took office as the country’s first black president in 2009. And in 2015, there were a total of 46 black members in the House of Representatives and two black senators. This could be seen as significant progress, yet many have found that the system is still stacked against them when it comes to helping black communities. In the 1980s, the Reagan administration slashed the budget for social programs, leaving every city leader without federal aid and little chance to battle poverty and unemployment in black neighborhoods. To raise campaign funds from local businesses, every mayor, no matter his race, has been forced to cut taxes, leaving social services struggling to make a difference. The political system has effectively tied the hands of black officials, so there’s been no reduction in poverty and unemployment or improvements in housing and health issues. As a result, black citizens are just as fed up with the black politicians as they are with the white.
The legal and justice system have kept African-Americans criminalized.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution abolished slavery throughout the country in 1865, but Southern states went on to find other ways of keeping their black populations in servitude. Many places enforced Black Codes, such as the one in Louisiana’s St. Landry Parish, which stated that “every negro is required to be in the regular service of a white person,” or else he would be arrested. While Black Codes were banned in 1866, the idea of restricting the freedom of the black population would live on. Much of the desire to keep black people behind bars stemmed from the economic imperative to find cheap – or, in this case, free – labor. And convict leasing became the legal method to make this happen. Convict leasing was a form of prison labor that allowed plantation owners and other businesses to “lease” prisoners for day labor. Since the Southern economy had been reliant on such workforces before the war, they remained dependent on convict leasing. In 1898, coal mines were responsible for 73 percent of Alabama’s total revenue and they relied on convict leasing to keep this industry alive. At the turn of the twentieth century, the vast majority of Southern prisoners were black. And things weren’t much better in the rest of the United States, either. Black communities remained disproportionately policed and they continued to face a double standard from the legal and justice systems in the United States. In Detroit during the early twentieth century, it was standard police procedure to take black men into custody and hold them for several days while they decided whether or not to charge them with a crime. Meanwhile, the police would routinely fail to offer the black population any protection, especially if they were being attacked by angry white people. This was the situation in Chicago, in 1919, when a black teenager, Eugene Williams, was murdered by a white racist when Williams failed to comply with the segregation rules at a local beach. Though the killer’s identity was known to the police, no arrest was ever made. In 2015, USA Today looked at 70 police stations across the United States and found that black people are still ten times more likely to be arrested than any other race.
The continued cases of police violence, and failure of black leadership, launched a new era of activism. Many people believed in the ideals of “hope” and “change” that accompanied Barack Obama’s electoral campaign and eventual win of the 2008 presidency. For the first time in history, 64 percent of eligible black voters cast their ballots – an unprecedented turnout. But the enthusiasm of those voters would eventually turn to disillusionment, as Obama’s presidency proved to be incapable of changing the systemic violence and racial inequality in the United States. In 2009, following the financial crisis that hit black working-class communities especially hard, the first signs of disappointed voters became evident. The unemployment level of black workers increased to over 13 percent. Nevertheless, Obama approved the bailout of the banks that were responsible. The limits of Obama’s power were even more apparent following the murder of Trayvon Martin in 2012. Martin, a black teenager, was walking home from a convenience store and talking on his phone. George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watch coordinator, saw Martin and, for no good reason, followed him. Then, after confronting Martin, Zimmerman shot him in the chest, killing him. When police arrived on the scene, Zimmerman claimed it was Martin who was the aggressor. Protests took place around the country, and after 45 days of mounting tensions, Zimmerman was finally arrested, only to be found innocent of murdering Trayvon Martin. Naturally, many were extremely upset by the decision, and Obama tried to calm people by reminding citizens that they lived in a “nation of laws.” But what are black people to do when the legal and judicial systems are clearly working against them? It was apparent that black political leaders were failing to bring about any change. But this inaction gave rise to a new movement. In 2013, the community organizer, Alicia Garza, responded to the injustice surrounding Trayvon Martin with a Facebook post that contained the hashtag: #BlackLivesMatter. This hashtag became a powerful force, offering a unified protest against police violence and injustice. Indeed, it spawned an entire organization devoted to fighting black discrimination.
Protests and activist organizations proliferated following the shooting of Mike Brown in Ferguson. Sadly, the deaths of young black men at the hands of police continued on August 9, 2014, when Mike Brown was killed in the small town of Ferguson, Missouri. Darren Wilson, a white police officer, was responding to a report of shoplifting when he confronted Mike Brown, who’d taken a pack of cigarillos from a convenience store. Wilson then shot and killed Brown, whose body would be left at the scene for over four hours, exposed to the hot summer sun. Once again, an all-too-familiar scenario of inhumanity and injustice played out as protests and riots ensued. Police even destroyed the flowers mourners had left at the murder site. The anger and violence only increased when police used tear gas and rubber bullets to subdue the protesters. But this time the reaction against the injustice and unchecked police violence continued to grow and spread across the nation. When a grand jury failed to indict Darren Wilson for the killing of Mike Brown, nation-wide protests against police violence erupted in major cities, including New York and Washington, DC. Tens of thousands of people marched in unison to expose the national epidemic of police brutality against the black population. By December of 2014, the slogan “Black Lives Matter” could be seen and heard across the country. At this time, thousands of college campuses also became stages for protests and raising awareness. All of this was inspiring other activist organizations to form and strengthen the new black liberation movement. Among the most well known are the Dream Defenders, BYP 100, Hands Up United, Ferguson Action, Millennials United and, of course, Black Lives Matter. Many are being led by a young generation of politically engaged black activists, which sets them apart from the traditional post-civil rights era organizations. And while they’re all welcome additions to the emerging black liberation movement, many are calling for different political actions, so they could benefit from working together to be better organized.
We should recognize the connection between bigotry and free enterprise and join the common laborers. At the point when we glance back at the fights during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, we can consider being for equivalent rights as additionally being a battle against the powers of free enterprise that have held dark individuals down. During the 1960s, there was an away from how free enterprise delivered hardship for the dark populace, and how communism offered a promising choice to improve society and race relations. It’s not hard to perceive how interlaced prejudice and free enterprise have consistently been. At its center, the private enterprise works by permitting abuse of the numerous by the wealthiest few. For this irregularity to work, a political framework must be set up that can offer an ideological support for why it’s alright to hold certain individuals down, which is the means by which we end up with supremacist beliefs. Karl Marx comprehended the system of free enterprise superior to a great many people, and he was very much aware of the binds that quandary prejudice to private enterprise. He highlighted the manners by which a bigot belief system can be utilized by the decision class to keep the white individuals from the common laborers inconsistent with the dark individuals. We can perceive how these techniques were utilized after the cancelation of servitude when the highly contrasting common laborers kept on conflicting instead of joining against misuse. This is actually how the powers behind free enterprise would have needed it. At the point when subjugation finished, the thought of ‘racial oppression’ was conceived as an immediate reaction to the white dread of ‘Negro control,’ and the risk of the dark populace turning into the decision class. This ‘danger’ was a political strategy to join the little ranchers with the ground-breaking industry pioneers whose solitary regular quality was being white. With rotting racial feelings of trepidation, white individuals both poor and rich could cooperate to keep up the decision class. This reality has kept each dark freedom development connected to the bigger issue of human rights. This is the reason we need highly contrasting individuals from the average workers to meet up and sanction a genuine and positive change that the legislature will be not able to overlook.
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