Significant Events During the U.S. 1824 Presidential Election
When people think about the year of 1824 they think about the road to the Civil War.
The U. S. Civil War began in 1861, following decades of conflict between northern and southern states over slavery, the rights of states, and expansion to the west. Abraham Lincoln’s win in 1860 sparked the revolt and establishment of the Confederate States of America by seven southern states; four more states soon joined. Some of the events that led up to this election and the civil war was McCulloch v. Maryland, Gibbons v. Ogden and the Missouri compromise which was written by Henry Clay.
The things that happened during McCulloch v. Maryland was congress had just chartered the second bank of the united states, banks were unpopular because it was seen as a tool of the elite, Maryland imposed a tax on the bank, and the supreme court had declared the states couldn’t interfere with the workings of the federal government. The things that happened during Gibbons v. Ogden involved the court ruling that New York couldn’t give ogden a monopoly on ferry travel between New Jersey because Congress controlled interstate commerce.
Now final but not least The Missouri compromise. The Missouri Compromise was once the legislation that provided for the admission Maine as a free nation along with Missouri as a slave state. In 1817 the territory of Missouri was first applied through early 1819 Congress was considering enabling regulation that would authorize Missouri to body a country constitution. However, it ensued an ugly debate over slavery. Ever since this issue Henry Clay decided to write the Missouri Compromise which was to reduce the tension between the north and south part of the US senate. Another thing that impacted the United States was Lowell, Massasschusetts or as some people call it, a model factory town. People called Lowell this because it was a local figure in the Industrial Revolution.
In this election there were five candidates. These candidates were William Crawford, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson, and John C. Calhoun. William Crawford was from the Democratic-Republican party and his running mate was Nathaniel Macon. John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, and Andrew Jackson was also part of the Democratic-Republican party. For Andrew Jackson his running mate was John C. Calhoun. For John Quincy Adams his running mate was Richard Rush. For Henry Clay his running mate was Nathan Sanford.
Here’s a little bit of information about the candidates. William Crawford used to be born in Feb. 24, 1772. He was once an American politician and judge during the early 19th century. Before the election of 1824 he also served as the United States Secretary of War and Secretary of the treasury. John Quincy Adams was born during July 11, 1767 and during his lifetime he was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, and diarist. Before the election of 1824 he had served as the eighth United States Secretary of State from 1817 to 1825.
Henry Clay was an American attorney and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of representatives. Andrew Jackson was an American Soldier and Statesman who served as the seventh president of the United States from 1829 to 1837. John Caldwell Calhoun was an American statesman from the democratic party and political theorist from the South Carolina and served as the seventh vice president. In this Election Andrew Jackson had the most votes with 151, 271. John Quincy Adams got the 2nd most votes with 113, 122. The two who got the least votes with 47, 531 and 40, 856 were William H. Crawford and Henry Clay.
The two candidates that won by a landslide were John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. John Quincy Adams was born in Braintree, Massasschusetts. He was also the son of a former president who served during the years 1797 – 1801 who is John Adams. After John Q. Adams graduated from Harvard, he became a lawyer, was appointed as minister to the Netherlands at age 26 then promoted to the Berlin Legation. Then in 1802 he was elected to the Senate. Six years later president Madison appointed him minister to Russia. When he served under President Monroe he was one of America’s greatest secretaries of state.
Andrew Jackson was born in South Carolina. When he grew up he became a lawyer and a landowner. After defeating the British in the battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 he became known as a national war hero and the people’s president. His accomplishments consisted of destroying the second bank of the United States, and founded the democratic party although he had accomplishments he supported individual liberty and instituted policies that resulted in the forced migration of Native Americans. He died on June 8, 1845 from congestive heart failure.
When the election of 1824 was close to coming to an end Henry Clay eventually ended up dropping out to support John Quincy Adams and it didn’t take long he became Adams’ Secretary of State which then was known as corrupt bargain. The reason why this is so important and such a big deal is because it changed how presidency would be and it impacted John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson Significantly. Which leads to how this election impacted America.
In this election John Quincy Adams won these following states : New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massasschusetts, and Connecticut. Andrew Jackson won these states : Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Illinois, Indiana, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland. But no one won a majority amount of votes from the electoral college. Even though Andrew Jackson had the most popular votes John Quincy Adams had the most electoral votes and won and became the 6th presidency.
During his presidency John Quincy Adams proposed a list national improvements implemented by the federal government which consisted of built roads, canals, post offices, a national university, and national observatory. These were all important because roads helped people get around although it was super expensive to build them. Canals improved America massively. One example of a canal was the Erie Canal. It was an important economic waterway and migration route for many people and it also helped trade a lot. Post offices helped everyone come together for either business or personal purposes. The national university and observatory was used for educational purposes.
After this presidency term was over there was a protective tariff called the tariff of Abominations which was passed by congress designed to protect industry in the Northern United States. That’s not the only reason why the tariff of abominations was written though. After this was written and published it taxed all foreign goods. This was done to boost the sales of US products. This followed the wave of nationalism following the war of 1812.
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