Importance of Qin’s Terracota Warriors Tomb in Historical Side

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First emperor in china was Qin Shi Huang who was the first king of Qin. Qin Shi Huang is believed to have had remarkable leadership skill and a superb mastery of the arts of war. He is also known as anti-intellectual king but also remains precious data that we can see how people live in ancient china. Typically, tomb of Qin Shi Huang is one of the most mysterious tombs in history. Qin Shi Huang wanted to extend his rule and preserve his grand achievement into eternity and output of his desire is his tomb. Thus, we can see archeological studies throughout terracotta army, treasures and construction at the time from his tomb.

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Platoons of clay soldier is one of example that were buried with Qin Shi Huang Di to accompany him during his eternal rest. In 1974, some famers in the Shaanxi Province of China discovered the clay army while digging a water well. The marvelous thing they found is that they are all life-sized, huge-amount and details. Even there are still a lot of terracotta army, they all look different in height, facial expression, outfit, and hairstyle. We can also figure out their rank and roles due to their different hairstyles and uniforms. It has various types of people who are warriors, chariots and horses. Non-military figures are also found as officials, acrobats and musicians. The What we can know in historical side from terracotta army is basically what they wear and how they look like. Each one of the terracotta army is regarded as important historical data nowadays. There are mainly four different pits excavated in his tomb. We can also know the belief what people believe at that time. They believed that they live afterlife and that is why Qin Shi Huang wants to create a lot of Platoon of clay soldiers and traps to protect himself.

There is not much record remained at that time because he wanted to avoid the scholar’s comparison with his reign. That’s why those Platoons of clay features, his treasures and construction are important evidences that we can know how people live and what their culture are at the time by speculation from the artifacts. When Qin was died, he wants to bury numerous fine vessels, valuable stones and other treasures even alive people were also buried with him, because they believe afterlife. There is one good example of important funerary object buried with dead body because of afterlife is gold belt hook (The Field Museum, n.d.). There were also lots of weapon regarded as treasure. There are over 40,000 bronze items of weapons excavated. There are various kind of weapon including swords, daggers, spears, lances, battle-axes, scimitars, shield, crossbows and crossbow trigger. Throughout those valuable treasure and many kinds of weapons, they can have speculation that Qin dynasty was well-developed country at that time in comparison with other countries.

When people think of mausoleum, it is huge size of tomb and precious historical data. As afterlife is highlighted at the ancient time, people think there are supposed trap set in his tomb. For the construction of his tomb, there are mainly two walls which are inner and outer walls. Various kind of artifacts and Platoons of clay soldiers are found inside and outside the wall. There are supposed trap set inside of his tomb to prevent tomb theft and protect himself after death. There is speculation of five different mechanism of traps set in his tomb which are crossbow, turning slates, drift sand formation, pools of poisonous mercury and sleeping fire (CHINATRAVEL, n.d.). However, these traps mentioned above is just speculation in the Mausoleum which is not proved.

In conclusion, Mausoleum of First Qin emperor has enormous Platoon of clay artifacts, treasure and construction that we may surmise how people live at that time. It is hard to surmise at the Qin’s time because Qin order to burn data to avoid scholar’s comparison with his reign in the past. Throughout those artifacts and construction, we can know what people did at the time due to their custom, outfit and hair style. Also, what people believe at the time is that there is secondary life to life after they are dead. Therefore, people assume that there are supposed trap set in his tomb to protect himself after death.

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