Why School Should Start Later: A Step Toward Student Well-Being

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It's a common scene: early morning, sleepy teenagers dragging themselves to school before the sun has fully risen. The issue of school start times has gained attention in recent years, sparking debates about the impact on student well-being and academic performance. This argumentative essay presents compelling arguments for why school should start later, considering the physiological needs of adolescents, the benefits for academic success, and the positive implications for mental and physical health.

Adolescent Sleep Patterns

Teenagers undergo significant biological changes that affect their sleep patterns. Adolescents experience a natural shift in their circadian rhythm, leading to a delayed release of the sleep hormone melatonin. This shift results in a tendency to stay awake later in the evening and struggle to wake up early in the morning. Early school start times disrupt these natural sleep patterns, leaving students sleep-deprived and unable to function optimally during the school day.

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Academic Performance

Research consistently shows that insufficient sleep negatively impacts academic performance. Sleep-deprived students struggle with concentration, memory retention, and problem-solving skills. When schools start later, students have the opportunity to get more restorative sleep, leading to improved cognitive functioning. This, in turn, can enhance their academic achievement, as students are more alert, engaged, and capable of absorbing and processing information effectively.

Physical and Mental Health

Early school start times have been linked to various health issues among adolescents. Chronic sleep deprivation contributes to obesity, weakened immune systems, and mental health challenges such as anxiety and depression. Adolescents require 8-10 hours of sleep for their well-being, and delaying school start times can help meet this requirement. Adequate sleep supports physical health, boosts mood, and reduces stress levels, promoting a positive learning environment and overall well-being.

Reduced Absenteeism and Tardiness

Starting school later can also address issues of absenteeism and tardiness. Sleep-deprived students are more likely to miss school due to illness or fatigue. When school start times align with teenagers' natural sleep patterns, they are more likely to attend classes consistently and arrive on time. This can lead to improved classroom participation, better relationships with peers and teachers, and a more positive attitude towards learning.

Preparation for Real-World Schedules

Adjusting school start times to be more in line with adolescents' biological clocks also prepares students for the real world. In the workforce, individuals typically have more control over their schedules and can adjust their routines to match their sleep preferences. By allowing students to sleep according to their natural rhythms, schools are better equipping them to manage their time, prioritize tasks, and establish healthy habits for life beyond education.


Starting school later is not just a matter of convenience; it's a crucial step toward prioritizing the well-being and academic success of students. Adolescents need sufficient sleep to thrive physically, mentally, and academically. By adjusting school start times to accommodate their biological needs, educational institutions can create a more supportive and conducive learning environment, ultimately contributing to the overall growth and development of the next generation.


  • Wheaton, A. G., Ferro, G. A., Croft, J. B. (2015). School Start Times for Middle School and High School Students — United States, 2011–12 School Year. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 64(30), 809–813.
  • Carskadon, M. A. (2011). Sleep in adolescents: the perfect storm. Pediatric Clinics, 58(3), 637-647.
  • Castro, M. R., & Baltodano, H. M. (2019). School Start Time and Sleep in Middle School Students: "Before and After" Comparison Study. Journal of School Nursing, 35(4), 274-281.
  • Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Penno, J. F., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R. W. (2012). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep Health, 1(3), 197-203.
  • Owens, J. A. (2014). Insufficient sleep in adolescents and young adults: an update on causes and consequences. Pediatrics, 134(3), e921-e932.
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Why School Should Start Later: A Step Toward Student Well-Being. (2023, August 29). WritingBros. Retrieved September 28, 2023, from https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/why-school-should-start-later-a-step-toward-student-well-being/
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Why School Should Start Later: A Step Toward Student Well-Being [Internet]. WritingBros. 2023 Aug 29 [cited 2023 Sept 28]. Available from: https://writingbros.com/essay-examples/why-school-should-start-later-a-step-toward-student-well-being/
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