How Early Republic Was Beneficial for the U.S.

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I believe that we should have a vigorous central national regime, as it is the most representative of all regimes, state regimes are for special fascinates, instead of taking control of these issues throughout the states. state regimes will become too democratic, this worries me that the regime will be perpetually coerced to pass laws by mainly poor and middle-class denizens, stay laws that will harm the economy. I feel like elites are needed to be in power so that they would do what is best for the country in the incipient term. During George Washington's presidency, Hamilton wanted to get his financial plan to Congress, because it would the economy. what it does is, states would have to pay state debts together and a national bank will be established, to manage the economy and build up good credit. In a cabinet battle, Hamilton was against Jefferson debating whether Hamilton's financial plan should be passed. Jefferson thought the plan was unconstitutional and it wasn't fair the southern states had to pay the debt if it was already paid off. Washington told Hamilton if he doesn't t get his plan to Congress he will lose his job. So, Hamilton had to willing make a deal with Thomas Jefferson and James madison. they were going to discuss at a special dinner, but no one kenned what they where concretely discuss about, which why people call this event 'the room where it happened”. Some historians believe they were verbalizing about money, some believe they were verbalizing about power, but only Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton will know what got discussed. But, historians ken on what the deal was. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison got to decide where to put the capital, in the south, a victory for the southerners, and a victory for Hamilton, the national bank will be in the exact spot. Senator Aaron Burr wanted to be in the room where it transpired, but he always decides to wait for it and always talks less, smile more, don’t let them know what you’re against or what you’re for. Aaron Burr was the cause of Hamilton’s death because back then, duels were legal, and Burr challenged Hamilton because Burr got offended(extremely triggered)because rudimentary Hamilton vilified him by culling Jefferson over Burr during the Election of 1800.

Hamilton didn’t cull Burr because he was not forthcoming on any particular stances. Jefferson had beliefs, Burr has none. After the duel, Burr became the bad guy off in his story. Burr’s first order was to go and have breakfast. On August the 2nd, he had to peregrinate to court and been censurable on two counts. He committed misuse of dueling and felony of murder. Burr stepped down from his office of vice president and, he decided to get away from New York, and went to Louisiana, Britain, and went back to new york. He practiced law again and married his second wife, and later on died on September 14, 1836, at the age of 80. Hamilton’s Financial plan had to tax whiskey in order to make financials easier. Of course, the southerners were not pleased to about the new tax and started violently rebel against it. Washington had to send a force to keep the rebellion controlled, in the end, though the whiskey tax didn't get rid of and, the national government’s power increased because this proves the national government is strong enough to pass a tax and keep a tax in existence and stopped a rebellion by using forces without, any problems. Now, Jay’s Treaty, it was meant to solve conflict but, instead, it caused more conflict. The purpose of Jay’s Treaty was to relieve war tension between Great Britain and the United States. Before, the United States was a neutral country, trading with Britain and France, till in 1792, the French Revolution broke out.

Then the following year 1793 European conflicts started between France and Britain. Britain had to force the United States to choose them over France, by blockading France that is going to impede the ability to trade with France, but they are also capturing American merchant ships, hundreds of them. And they are impressing U. S Sailors. Though, the United States decided to continue to trade with Great Britain and not trade with France anymore, though Hamilton specifically said to Marquis de Lafayette “I'll be with you if you do” when Lafayette told him he is going to bring freedom for France. So, then John Jay came up with Jay’s treaty. Though Jay’s Treaty was very unpopular in the United States because of these following reasons, John Jay has failed to open up to the profitable British West Indies to Americans, and it was to stop Britain from impressing American sailors, it never resolved that. In the end, it was signed on November 19, 1794, and it didn’t follow Washington's advice in his farewell address because in his farewell address it states that he warned Americans while in foreign affairs, don’t get long-term alliances with other nations. The presidency of the fat, arrogant, anti-charismatic, national embarrassment, known as president John Adams. Now, this is one of my least favorite person back then in history, because I think he is a hypocrite and does not do a very well in his position of president in my opinion. I mean come on you defend a REDCOAT, yes everyone deserves the right to trial, but I wouldn't defend a redcoat. But, hey at least I can trash talk about him in this paragraph. Anyway, during John Adams presidency there was the X, Y, and Z Affair. The X, Y, and Z Affair was a political and diplomatic event in 1797 and 1798, early in the administration of John Adams, involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led into an undeclared war called Quasi-War. Later on, it led, to Jay’s treaty. It did not follow George Washington’s farewell address advice because it states that he warned Americans while in foreign affairs, don’t get long-term alliances with other nations. Later on, the Alien and Sedition acts are passed.

The Alien and Sedition Acts were a series of laws passed by the Federalist Congress in 1798 and signed into law by President John Adams. These laws included new powers to deport foreigners as well making it harder for immigrants to vote. A new immigrant would have to reside in the United States 5 or more years. Now the new law raised it to 14 years. As one federalist claimed there was no need to “invite hordes of Wild Irishmen, nor the turbulent and disorderly of all the world, to come here with a basic view to distract our tranquillity. 'In the Sedition act, the most controversial of the new laws was, permitting strong government control over individual actions. The act prohibited public opposition to the government. Fines and imprisonment could be used against those who write, speak, print, or publish any fabrications and malicious writing against the government. Of course, these acts increased the national government’s power, though this wrecked John Adams reputation and it cost him the Election of 1800. Also, another event that cost him was when John Adams decides to fires Hamilton, and Adams would call Hamilton “A creole bastard in his taunts”, as well once he had described Hamilton as “the bastard brat of a Scotch peddler. Alexander Hamilton did not let that pass by like it was a light wind coming through, so he got so angry(Hamilton did have anger issues, so basically if he wants to destroy your reputation, he’ll write like he is running out of time. ) so he decided to write an open letter to John Adams, the letter was so long and precise, and beautiful roasting but in a professional, genius way, in summary, it was this, ”Sit down John, you fat ”(censored). As, well the acts did violate the constitution because it violated amendment one, the freedom of speech. Thomas Jefferson is coming home, he’s been kicking butt as an ambassador of France. Thomas Jefferson accepted an appointment from President George Washington to become the new nation’s first Secretary of State. And this post Jefferson clashed with the US Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton over for him policy and their defrayed and interpretations of the US Constitution. In the early 1790s Jefferson who favored strong state and local government co-founded the Democratic- Republican Party that opposed Hamilton's Federalist Party which advocated for a strong national government with broad powers over the economy. Now he won the election of 1800.

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Alexander Hamilton was one of the breaking ties, and his vote went to Jefferson, even if he had hated for Jefferson, they fought on like 75 different fronts, and Hamilton would most of the time win debates, cabinets, and meetings with George Washington around. Alexander Hamilton preferred Jefferson because he had beliefs, and Hamilton believed he would help out the country the most, while Aaron Burr didn’t state what he would do, or what’s he’s against or what he’s for. Aaron Burr became vice president, and Thomas Jefferson became president. During Jefferson’s presidency, he was involved in the Louisiana Purchase. In 1803, the United States approximately purchased 828, 000, 000 of territory from France. Part or all 15 states were made a land deal, one of the most important achievements during Jefferson’s presidency. In 1801, Spain secretly signed a treaty with France to return France the Louisiana territory. France was slowly taking control of Louisiana, but in 1802 Spanish authorities, apparently acting under French orders, revoked a U. S Spanish treaty that granted Americans the rights to store goods in New Orleans. Deals moved swiftly and the United States agreed to pay 11, 250, 000 and assume claims against Americans citizens against France in the amount of 3, 750, 000. Was it unconstitutional?It was in the middle of unconstitutional and constitutional. The constitution specifically grants the president’s power to negotiate treaties, which what Jefferson did. It is true though the constitution did not specifically authorize Congress to let alone, the executive branch, to purchase another land from nations.

Afterwards, the Embargo Act was passed on December 22, 1807. The purpose of this act was to enact a general embargo(an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country. )against Great Britain and France during Napoleonic Wars. Though, there was a ton of hatred because it prohibited American Ships from trading in all foreign ports. Basically, without any import goods, how is the economy going to look. The act was meant to stop any further aggression by either nation, in the act was a failure, till 1809 replaced the failed embargo with the Non-Intercourse Act, which reopened trade with all nations, except France and Great Britain. In conclusion, the Embargo Act increased domestic production because the act caused American merchants with no trade from other foreign countries, which means no goods in production, so the United States had to produce goods from its own country to sustain itself, and its economy. Jefferson chose not to run for a third term in 1808 and was succeeded in the office by James Madison a fellow Virginia and a former U. S Secretary of State. That's you're boi Jefferson.

Born in 1751, Madison was brought up in the Orange County, Virginia, and attended Princeton(A very difficult college to get into on New Jersey. A student of history and government, well-read in law, he participated in the framing of the Virginia Assembly, served Continental Congress and was a leader in the Virginia Assembly. In the Constitutional Convention, James Madison came to conclusion that America needed a strong federal government, in order to help regulate the state legislatures and create a better system to raise federal money. In May 1787, James Madison was able to present his ideas for an effective government in his “Virginia Plan”. Madison made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing, with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, the Federalist Papers. Madison is also known for writing a Bill Of Rights, and enact the first legislation. Eventually, he switched sides from Federalist to Anti-Federalist, which made him oppose Hamilton’s Financial Plan proposals, which he felt it would unfairly bestow wealth and power to the northerner financiers. During Madison’s presidency, he proclaimed the Non-Intercourse Act, which allowed the United State to trade with any other nation but Britain and France. The British impressment of American seamen and the seizure of cargoes caused Madison to gain pressure, and ended up asking Congress to declare war on June 1, 1812, which was the cause of the War of 1812. The war could of been avoidable if James Madison could of not declared War and keep his pressure down, and create some sort of treaty, or deal with France And Britain to stop Britain from seizing cargoes. The nation was unprepared to fight, it's forces took a severe trouncing The British entered Washington and set fire to the White House and the Capitol. The War of 1812, like other wars, overshadowed Madison's fight against the National Bank and other policies, so it caused the renewal of the National Bank. After retirement, Madison threatened to shatter the Federal Union. In a note opened his death in 1836, stated “The advice nearest to my heart and deepest in my convictions is that the Union of the States be cherished and perpetuated”.

James Monroe was the 5th president of the United states, and well known for his Monroe Doctrine. The goal of the Monroe Doctrine was to address Washington's Farewell Address advice isolationism, he believed that the nation shouldn't be involved in any other nations’ wars, and remain with no allies in order for their peace not become dangerous or destroyed. This of course did for follow Washington's Farewell Address, because he stated the exact same advice. James Monroe was the president who followed Washington's Farewell Address the most. The fourth Chief of Justice of the U. S Supreme Court, John Marshall who had almost no form of schooling and studied law for 6 weeks remains to this day as the most influential Chief Justices in Supreme Court in American history. Following a diplomatic mission to France known as the XYZ affair, he won election to Congress, where he supported president John Adams. John Marshall had 3 major cases. First the Marbury Vs Madison(1803)was the first important court case before Marshall’s Court. The Supreme Court struck down a provision of the Judiciary Act of 1789 on the grounds that it violated the Constitution by trying to expand the original judicial of the Supreme Court. This was the only case, which the Marshall Court ruled on constitutional congress.

The Constitution does not explicitly give judicial review to the Court, and Jefferson was very angry with Marshall, for he wanted the President to decide whether his acts were constitutional or not at all. That is, judicial review means a government in which no person (not even the President) and no institution (not even Congress or the Supreme Court itself), nor even a majority of voters, may freely work their will in violation of the written Constitution. Marshall himself never declared another law of Congress or act of a president unconstitutional. Mcculloch Vs Maryland(1819)was one of several decisions during the 1810s and 1820s involving the balance of power between the Federal government and the states where Marshall affirmed federal supremacy. He established in McCulloch that states could not tax federal institutions, and upheld congressional authority to create the Second Bank of the United States, even though the authority to do this was not expressly stated in the Constitution. The court held clause of the Constitution that states can use its powers by making laws necessary and proper. The final court case was Gibbons vs Ogden(1824)overturned a monopoly granted by the New York legislature to certain steamships operating between New York and New Jersey. Daniel Webster argued that the Constitution, by empowering Congress to regulate interstate commerce, implied that states do not have any current power to regulate interstate commerce. Marshall used Federalist approaches to build a strong federal government over the Jeffersonian Republicans. He influential rulings had reshaped American government, making the Supreme Court the final judge of constitutional interpretation.

In conclusion, the Early Republic overall increased the power of national government because mostly the important figures were Federalists, which is Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, and John Marshall we're all focused on strong federal government, which in the end they all gave power to national government with their acts, and laws and how they shaped government today, like for Marshall all his court cases included judicial review especially in Marbury Vs Madison(1803)where he had wanted to state if an act was Constitutional or not, he influential rulings had reshaped American government, making the Supreme Court the final judge of constitutional interpretation. For Alexander Hamilton's Financial Plan, Hamilton gave national government the power to take control of the nation’s debts from the war, and take charge of the federal money. As we It brought the nation from bankruptcy to prosperity. The best president according to Washington’s farewell address was James Monroe, because he supported George Washington's Farewell address which had isolationism and James Monroe believed that alliances can wreck the peace, honesty, and friendship between nations. In the Mexican War the United States did not make any alliances or conduct any fighting during the war, just like James Monroe said. The worst president according to Washington's Farewell Address was John Adams. The man is irrational and got involved in the XY and Z affair and made the Alien and Sedition Act, which violated the Bill of Rights the first amendment, the freedom of speech, and the press.

I think the Early Republic was good for the United States in order to gain vigorous central national regime, as it is the most representative of all regimes, state regimes are for special fascinates, instead of taking control of these issues throughout the states. state regimes will become too democratic, this worries me that the regime will be perpetually coerced to pass laws by mainly poor and middle-class denizens, stay laws that will harm the economy. I feel like elites are needed to be in power so that they would do what is best for the country in the incipient term. Without these founding fathers and important figures, the United States wouldn't become the nation it became today. Thank the founding fathers, and how we go to see America today.

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