The Afiksasi Process in the Formation of Verbs in the "Pinocchio Story"

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This fairy tale is very famous in England, that is Pinocchio fairy tales. The pinocchio figure has become a general public imaginative figure English and this is the main attraction of researchers in analyzing the object to be on study 'Pinocchio's tale: the tale of a puppet' Carlo Collodi, Charles Folkard, Mary Alice Murray with the main focus is the affixation of verb formation used in the story.This study aims to analyze the formation of Sundanese verbs and explain the types of affixes contained in these fables with its scope limited to the process of affixation. 

The theory used is the theory of morphology in particular the affixation put forward by Kridalaksana and Abdul Chaer, the method used is the qualitative method. The results showed that there are 6 verbs that experience inflection. Research results too shows that there are 3 types of affixes in the process of inflection of the prefix, suffix dan confix In addition, among the three types of affixes, the prefix {-in} which shows the passive verb is used dominantly.

This fable is essentially presented in English form, but various countries have changed it into their language in each country. This fable is not only famous in English, but has penetrated to foreign countries, one of them to Indonesia.This research focuses on analyzing the process of affixation in word formation work on Pinocchio's tale: the tale of a puppet 'Carlo Collodi, Charles Folkard, Mary Alice Murray. Based on the theory put forward by Chaer that affixation is the process of affixing on the basic form. In terms of This affixation has an important role in word formation and delivery mean. Realizing this, researchers were encouraged to examine the forming affixes English verbs and the object of this research is Pinocchio's tale: the tale of a puppet 'Carlo Collodi, Charles Folkard, Mary Alice Murray.

Morphological process is a way of forming words with connecting one morpheme to another morpheme. Experts divide the occurrence of morphological processes differently. Chaer divides the process morphological with the term morphemic process over 7 (seven) parts, namely affixation,reduplication, composition, conversion, internal modification, suplisi, and shortening. Kridalaksana divides the morphological process into 6 (six) parts, zero derivation, affixation, reduplication, abreviation, composition and back derivation. Besides Chaer and Kridalaksana above, Wijana also share morphological processes over 6 (six) parts, namely affixation, reduplication, compounding, internal modification, supply and empty modifications. 

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Based on the description above it can be seen that experts divide the occurrence of morphological processes differently. From several processes morphological, the authors chose affixation. The reason for choosing affixes is because although experts define morphological processes with that understanding different and divide it by different divisions, affixation remains one process that is always there. Therefore, the scope of this study limited to affixation. As explained in the background, it is chosen affixation in the formation of English verbs that are contained in the pinoccio fable

There are many understandings about the morphology presented by expert. Tomori defines morphology as: '... the study of the structure of words - the study of the rules governing the formation of words in a language. 'While etymologically according to Darwis, said morphology it comes from the Greek language, morph, 'form' and 'science' logos. And in language English morphology is defined as the basis for word formation. Thus it can be concluded that morphology is the study of the process of word formation. The focus this research is an affixation that acts as part of word formation.

Affixes are bound morphemes, which means they cannot stand alone and must be attached to the root (root) or base. Therefore one way torecognizing or identifying affixes is to analyze the parts which cannot stand alone, because it has no meaning. In other words, affection is the part that is 'left behind' after we can recognize all the parts smallest (meaningful) in a morpheme. For example in the word friendly, we are can recognize the word friend as free morpheme because friend can stand alone and has meaning. But –ly we cannot recognize it as free morpheme because –ly can't stand alone as a meaningful word.

Kridalaksana mentions the types of affixes that are traditionally classified as prefix, infix, suffix, simulfix, and confix. Understanding is affix or affix is ​​the sound added to a word - whether at the beginning, at the end, in the middle, or a combination of the three - to form a new word whose meaning is related to the first word. In general, affixes have similarities with bound elements others, such as particles or clitics. When viewed in terms of its position, the elements are indeed difficult to distinguish. For this reason, the following will be put forward several formulas that distinguish affixes from other bound elements. 

Refers to the problems and objectives to be achieved in the study this, the authors use qualitative research methods. According to Sugiono, qualitative methods are research methods used to examine on the condition of natural objects, data source sampling is done in a manner purposive sampling. This research also uses descriptive methods intended to gather information about the research subject. In Analyzing data, this research uses a structural approach. Approach Structural try to outline the interrelationships and functions of each element of the work literature as a structural unity which together produces meaning overall.

Based on these results, it can be seen that the process of word formationwork on the pinnochio fable was formed from the processverb inflection. Verb inflection is a word that has the same basic meaning or does not change the meaning of the basic word while the word is added it is used to follow rules derived from grammar and usage the word. Based on the research results of “the Pinocchio fairy tale 'it can be concluded that English verbs / verbs can be formed through affixation process. There are 6 verbs (verbs) formed from 3 types of affixes, with percentage; 60% prefix, 20% suffix and 20% confix. The dominant affix appears in this fable is prefix {-a} and all verbs formed are the result of the verb inflection process.

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