In the novel Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, Brutus is a very prominent character in the play, he is a noble Roman who opposes Caesar. Brutus is a very honorable character and holds to it throughout the play. Marcus Brutus has a strong relationship with Caesar but a stronger relationship with Rome and its people. Shakespeare focuses a lot of his characterization on how Brutus feels about him killing Caesar, and continuously foreshadows Brutus’ death. His leadership qualities and gullible personality convinced him that the assassination of Caesar was the best thing to do for himself and the public.
In act one of Julius Caesar, Brutus is shown to be a hero to many people of Rome, he is seen with much honor due to his great reputation. Which was earned by always showing his loyalty and wanting the best for Rome, and its people. Being a close companion to Caesar, he watches as Caesar will become the king of Rome. However, Cassius, a conspirator of Rome begins to manipulate how Brutus feels about Caesar. Changed his thoughts and beliefs by giving him reasons on why Caesar would be a bad king for Rome. “Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world. Like a Colossus, and we petty men. Walk under his huge legs and peep about. To find ourselves dishonorable graves. Men at some time are masters of their faces. The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves, that we are underlings. “Brutus” and “Caesar” What should be in that “Caesar?” This portrays a very empowering message to Brutus as Cassius tells Brutus basically “Why not you?” Cassius also included metaphors on how Caesar will be weak to hold the throne for Rome and will allow enemies to disrupt and invade Rome. This shows that Cassius Is trying to persuade Brutus that he is much more fit to take the job as king than Caesar. As she compares the two together Brutus is introduced to a new perspective on what Rome really needs. These lines are very important because Brutus realizes he would be a better fit than Caesar in the spot of being king.
Throughout the play, Brutus is motivated by power and honor. Brutus will do anything when it comes to protecting his honorable reputation among the people of Rome. Brutus is very easily manipulated despite his efforts of holding his reputation throughout the play. The conspirators notice his vonorablebility and try to take advantage by telling home to kill Caesar. Brutus is unsure what the right thing to do is. He does not believe that they should kill him, for he and Caesar are friends, yet he does not believe that Caesar is fit to rule Rome. Therefore, Brutus doesn't know what he should do, kill Caesar or not. Marullus and Flavius are concerned that Caesar is going to destroy the existing republic that once was held by their previous ruler and become the king. The last thing that they want is a tyrant ruling their nation. Brutus continuously struggles to make a decision, then receives a letter, while he is in his garden contemplating what decision to make. In Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 47-54, it states, “Brutus, thou sleepest. Awake, and see thyself. Shall Rome, etc. Speak, strike, redress!” Brutus, thou sleepest. Awake. Such instigations have been often dropped. Where I have taken realize them up. —Shall Rome, etc. Thus must I piece it out: Shall Rome stand under one man’s awe? What, Rome?” Brutus reads the note and decides that it is the right thing to kill Caesar. He understands that Caesar must be taken off the throne in order for Rome not to crumble to pieces. Brutus thinks very hard about his decision and realises he's doing the right thing by killing Caesar. However, Cassius sent the note. Brutus being exposed lead him to his decision to agree with the letter that Cassius wrote. Cassius understood where Brutus stands mentally and wrote the letter in a fashion to which he would believe and honor the letter. This plays a significant role in the story of, Julius Caesar because it's a real moment when Brutus decides he is going to go through with the killing of Caesar. Yet another reason that persuades Brutus’s decision to kill Caesar, is that he would be in power in the end.
Brutus’ relationship with Cassius, his best friend admits the most impact throughout the entire play. It begins with Cassius manipulating Brutus to get what he wants, he knows very well how to convince Brutus and lead him in any specific direction of action. Cassius is explaining the planning of the assassination of Caesar to Brutus, “I know that virtue to be in you, Brutus, As well as I do know your outward favor. Well, honor is the subject of my story.” Cassius is saying that he knows and understands Brutus. Next, Cassius mentions honor to really seize Brutus’ attention. He later goes on to talk about how Caesar is in no way shape or form fit to be the people of Rome’s king. This is very key to the play because it shows that Cassius doesn't fully understand how Brutus thinks and how he can manipulate him into decisions he is not entirely sure about. Hence because Cassius understands how to manipulate Brutus, he ultimately has the power. Brutus is a very honorable person and always thinks twice about his decisions. As the assassination of Caesar arrives, Caesar died from being stabbed to death by a mob of conspirators and Brutus in a place just next to the Theatre of Pompey. “Why, he that cuts off twenty years of life. Cuts off so many years of fearing death. Grant that, and then is death a benefit. So are we Caesar's friends, that have abridged His time of fearing death. Stoop, Romans, stoop, And let us bathe our hands in Caesar's blood Up to the elbows, and besmear our swords.” This may show how Brutus feels about the death of Caesar when Cassius brings up the fact of Caesar constantly feared life itself, running from death constantly. Brutus agrees and brings to light that it was a good thing to kill him now and put him out of his misery, and worries about being killed. Brutus tells other conspirators to smear the blood of Caesar onto their swords and hands so that people would understand that they all took part in the death of Caesar. Brutus and the conspirators feel as if they have done a friendly thing by eliminating Caesar's fear of being killed.
In the beginning of the play, Brutus starts out as being very easily manipulated. One after another this lead him to do an overall awful thing, that he wanted, but not at the expense of human life and one of his friends. The murder of Caesar had a terrible effect on the war that Antony started so that he could be the final one in power. Mark Antony was smart enough to figure out that if Lepidus and Octavius came into the mix with their extensive backup, they would beat Cassius and Brutus because he knew that Brutus will regret killing Caesar in the end, otherwise, he would have been assassinated as well. Following this, Lepidus and Octavius kill each other because they both wanted to be the ruler of Rome. Finally, Brutus is so guilty about his decision, that his best friend and he had a huge fight, and his wife has committed suicide, Foreshadowed throughout the whole book, Brutus ends up taking his own life.
Throughout the entire novel, Brutus keeps true to his code of honor. Towards the end of the play, his honor is what kills him, with much going wrong in his life, he just can't take it anymore. The idea of honor that he so religiously follows. Haslet being well known amongst everything and their desire for power get the best of him. Shakespeare's main reason of writing Julius Caesar was to show how everyone desires power, and that everyone will do whatever it takes to achieve power. But as you see in the novel, power never ends up making anyone happy. It doesn’t bring anyone the happiness that they think, and people are always going to end up getting hurt.
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